[Evidence-based Therapeutic Drug Monitoring for Indinavir].
Pharmacie clinique, CHU de Bicêtre, AP-HP, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France.Thérapie (Impact Factor: 0.51). 05/2011; 66(3):239-46. DOI: 10.2515/therapie/2011035
The HIV protease inhibitor indinavir presents a wide inter-individual variability related to an intense hepatic metabolism. Published studies were analyzed to establish whether there is evidence that therapeutic drug monitoring of indinavir could improve patient care. It was reported that indinavir virological efficacy in HIV-infected patients with wild-type virus was significantly associated with trough concentrations > 100-150 ng/mL. Concerning the exposure-toxicity relationship, the risk of occurrence of nephrotoxicity was more frequently associated with trough concentrations > 500-1 000 ng/mL. Studies with concentration-controlled indinavir therapy suggest that therapeutic drug monitoring allows to achieve safe and effective concentrations, therefore, the level of evidence of the interest of indinavir therapeutic drug monitoring is highly recommended when indinavir is not associated with ritonavir and recommended when ritonavir is combined with ritonavir.
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