Recombinant antigen production for assays of intradermoreaction for diagnosis and surveillance of tuberculosis

Laboratory of Forensic Molecular Genetics, Institute of Criminology, 80010-100 Curitiba, Brazil.
Journal of Biotechnology (Impact Factor: 2.87). 07/2011; 156(1):56-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2011.07.015
Source: PubMed


The goal of the present work was to develop reagents with potential for tuberculosis diagnosis. Genetic sequences of Mycobacterium tuberculosis secretion antigens were amplified by PCR, cloned into the Gateway(®) system, and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant M. tuberculosis proteins were purified by metal affinity chromatography and preparative gel SDS-PAGE electrophoresis followed by electroelution and removal of endotoxins using Triton X-114. In total, seven recombinant proteins were obtained (ESAT-6, CFP10, TB10.3, TB10.4, MTSP11, MPT70, and MPT83). Delayed hypersensitivity reactions (DHR) was evaluated in Cavia porcellus and compared to the response using a standard purified protein derivative (PPD). All seven recombinant proteins produced a positive induration reaction in an intradermal test in guinea pigs previously sensitized with M. tuberculosis. When applied together, at a concentration of each recombinant protein 0.04 mg/mL, the intradermoreaction in C. porcellus was significantly higher than that obtained by standard PPD (p-value=0.00386).

Download full-text


Available from: Vanete Thomaz-Soccol, Sep 22, 2015
  • Source
    • "These recent studies show that the search of other antigens for a more sensitive and specific diagnosis of TB is still relevant. Unfortunately, few studies have shown the feasibility of M. bovis antigens to increase specificity of DTH using either the guinea pig model or experimentally M. bovisinfected cattle [24] [25] [26]. Moreover, even more information of the use of cocktails with M. bovis antigens in naturally infected cattle remains scarce. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Delayed type hypersensitivity skin test (DTH) and interferon-gamma assay are used for the diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis (TBB). The specificity of these diagnoses, however, is compromised because both are based on the response against purified protein derivative of Mycobacterium bovis (PPD-B). In this study, we assessed the potential of two cocktails containing M. bovis recombinant proteins: cocktail 1 (C1): ESAT-6, CFP-10 and MPB83 and cocktail 2 (C2): ESAT-6, CFP-10, MPB83, HspX, TB10.3, and MPB70. C1, C2, and PPD-B showed similar response by DTH in M. bovis-sensitized guinea pigs. Importantly, C1 induced a lower response than PPD-B in M. avium-sensitized guinea pigs. In cattle, C1 displayed better performance than PPD-B and C2; indeed, C1 showed the least detection of animals either vaccinated or Map-infected. To optimize the composition of the cocktails, we obtained protein fractions from PPD-B and tested their immunogenicity in experimentally M. bovis-infected cattle. In one highly reactive fraction, seven proteins were identified. The inclusion of FixB in C1 enhanced the recognition of M. bovis-infected cattle without compromising specificity. Our data provide a promising basis for the future development of a cocktail for TBB detection without interference by the presence of sensitized or infected animals with other mycobacteria.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · BioMed Research International
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background & objectives: Purified protein derivative (PPD) is currently the only available skin test reagent used worldwide for the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB). The aim of this study was to develop a Mycobacterium tuberculosis specific skin test reagent, without false positive results due to Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination using recombinant antigens. Methods: Proteins in PPD IC-65 were analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry and compared to proteins in M. tuberculosis culture filtrate; 54 proteins were found in common. Top candidates MPT64, ESAT 6, and CFP 10 were overexpressed in Escherichia coli expression strains and purified as recombinant proteins. To formulate optimal immunodiagnostic PPD cocktails, the antigens were evaluated by skin testing guinea pigs sensitized with M. tuberculosis H37Rv and BCG. Results: For single antigens and a cocktail mixture of these antigens, best results were obtained using 3 μg/0.1 ml, equivalent to 105 TU (tuberculin units). Each animal was simultaneously tested with PPD IC-65, 2 TU/0.1 ml, as reference. Reactivity of the multi-antigen cocktail was greater than that of any single antigen. The skin test results were between 34.3 and 76.6 per cent the level of reactivity compared to that of the reference when single antigens were tested and 124 per cent the level of reactivity compared to the reference for the multi-antigen cocktail. Interpretation & conclusions: Our results showed that this specific cocktail could represent a potential candidate for a new skin diagnostic test for TB.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2012 · The Indian Journal of Medical Research
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health concern in most low-income countries. Hence, rapid and sensitive TB diagnostics play an important role in detecting and preventing the disease. In addition to established diagnostic methods, several new approaches have been reported. Some techniques are simple but time-consuming, while others require complex instrumentation. One prominent and readily available approach is to detect proteins that Mycobacterium tuberculosis secretes, such as Mpt64, the 6-kDa early secreted antigenic target (Esat6), the 10-kDa culture filtrate protein (Cfp10), and the antigen 85 (Ag85) complex. Although their functions are not fully understood, a growing body of molecular evidence implicates them in M. tuberculosis virulence. Currently these biomarkers are either being used or investigated for use in skin patch tests, biosensor analyses, and immunochromatographic, immunohistochemical, polymerase chain reaction-based, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. This review provides a comprehensive discussion of the roles these immunodominant antigens play in M. tuberculosis pathogenesis and compares diagnostic methods based on the detection of these proteins with more established tests for TB.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2013 · Tuberculosis (Edinburgh, Scotland)
Show more