Current developments in French ethnopsychoanalysis

University of Paris 13, France.
Transcultural Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 0.99). 07/2011; 48(3):205-27. DOI: 10.1177/1363461511402868
Source: PubMed


French ethnopsychoanalytic approaches to therapy with immigrants combine the psychoanalytical interest in subjectivity with a specific concern for cultural factors and with the role migration plays as a crucial life event. Recent approaches consider culture as profoundly hybrid and use the notions of ''métissage'' and ''décentrage'' as central concepts. This article presents extracts from a qualitative study of ethnopsychoanalytic therapies with immigrant families. The authors argue that the ethnopsychoanalytic approach helps to open new ways of considering cultural hybridity and create a third space where experiences ''from the margins'' may be verbalized.

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Available from: Gesine Sturm, May 08, 2015
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    • "Mental health services in France have been strongly infl uenced by a psychoanalytic tradition that tends to situate problems in the individual psyche with unconscious dynamics shaped by cultural representations minimally acknowledging the major dimensions of the social realities. In the clinical approach of Tobie Nathan, consultations with specialized ethnopsychiatric teams composed of practitioners from diverse backgrounds aim to create a transitional space where the clinician's interventions can mediate the collective symbolic worlds of the immigrants' country of origin and France (Corin, 1997 ; Nathan, 1986 , 1991 ; Sargent & Larchanche, 2009 ; Sturm, Nadig, & Moro, 2011 ). Through the theory of complementarity, this approach recognizes the contribution of different ontologies, conceptual universes, and systems values to the healing process. "

    Full-text · Book · Jan 2014
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    • "Evaluations of this model to date have mainly involved detailed analyses of cases (Sturm et al., 2011 ; Zajde, 2011 ). In an effort to better understand the perspective of patients who received treatment at the Jean-Talon clinic with this extended group psychoanalytic model, the initial CCS project supported an initial assessment of the service (Sterlin, Rojas-Viger, & Corbeil, 2001 ). "

    Full-text · Chapter · Jan 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives of this study were to assess explanatory models (considering illness experience and meaning), addiction severity among patients with drug dependence, and the role of migration. Adapted Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue interviews were conducted with 70 outpatients in a Paris suburb. Among them, 42 were either first- or second-generation immigrants, most from North Africa. Explanatory models were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively according to migration status, assessing potential confounders with multivariate linear models. Explanatory models were heterogeneous. Compared with nonmigrants, migrants reported fewer somatic and violence-related symptoms. They attributed the causes of their addiction more frequently to social and magico-religious factors and less to psychological factors. Conversely, no difference in addiction severity was found between migrants and nonmigrants. Considering local patterns of illness experience and meaning of drug dependence is a critical component of culturally sensitive clinical care.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012 · Substance Use & Misuse
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