Article

Breastfeeding: More Than Just Good Nutrition

Pediatric Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University of Florida- Health Science Center, Gainesville, FL, USA.
Pediatrics in Review (Impact Factor: 0.82). 07/2011; 32(7):267-80. DOI: 10.1542/pir.32-7-267
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

• Ample evidence documents the clear benefits of breastfeeding for both the mother and the infant. • Among the very few contraindications to breastfeeding are galactosemia, medications or drugs of concern, and HIV and HTLV infection. • Pediatricians should recognize that human milk is superior to formula in optimizing each infant's potential for early growth and development. • Pediatricians should recommend exclusive/full breastfeeding as superior to formula feeding through the first 6 postnatal months and the subsequent timely introduction of adequate, safe, and appropriate complementary foods in combination with continued breastfeeding as optimal nutrition in the first postnatal year. • Pediatricians should be knowledgeable about important issues concerning breastfeeding and the management of the breastfeeding mother-infant dyad in situations of infant prematurity or illness and maternal illness, infection, and medication exposure. • Families should be provided with appropriate information about breastfeeding and infant feeding before as well as throughout the pregnancy and infancy. • Mothers should receive ongoing support for breastfeeding in the hospital, in medical offices and facilities, and throughout communities, paralleling the BFHI. • Ongoing lifelong education about support for and management of the breastfeeding mother-infant dyad is essential for pediatricians in the 21st century. 2011

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    • "While the pathways responsible of these mechanisms are not completely understood, it is clear that an optimal nutritional support for this special class of patients plays an important role not only for short effects, in achieving an appropriate growth and nutritional accretion, but also for long-term effects on health and well-being. Although the World Health Organization strongly suggests that newborns should be exclusively breast fed for the first 6 months of life, only breast milk is not able to satisfy the high nutritional needs of preterm-LBW infants in terms of energy content and protein, as believed today [14,15]. Considering this, whether formula milk (FM) may be an alternative option to human milk is still in debate. "

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    Full-text · Article · Oct 2012 · The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians
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