Prevalence of dyslipidemias in the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006

Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, México, DF, México.
Salud publica de Mexico (Impact Factor: 0.94). 01/2010; 52 Suppl 1(supl 1):S44-53. DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342010000700008
Source: PubMed


To describe the prevalence of lipid abnormalities found in the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006 (ENSANut 2006).
Information was obtained from 4 040 subjects aged 20 to 69 years, studied after a 9- to 12-hour fast.
Median lipid concentrations were: cholesterol 198.5 mg/dl, triglycerides 139.6 mg/dl, HDL-cholesterol 39.0 mg/dl, non-HDL-cholesterol 159.5 mg/dl and LDL-cholesterol 131.5 mg/dl. The most frequent abnormality was HDL-cholesterol below 40 mg/dl with a prevalence of 60.5% (95%CI 58.2-62.8%). Hypercholesterolemia (> 200 mg/dl) had a frequency of abnormality of 43.6% (95%CI 41.4-46.0%). Only 8.6% of the hypercholesterolemic subjects knew their diagnosis. Hypertriglyceridemia (>or= 150 mg/dl) was observed in 31.5% (IC 95% 29.3-33.9%) of the population.
The ENSANUT 2006 data confirm that the prevalence of hypoalphalipoproteinemia and other forms of dyslipidemia in Mexican adults is very high.

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    • "This syndrome is present in 5% to 45% of the general population [10]. Mexico has shown a high prevalence of dyslipidaemia in adults [11]. In 2004 Moran reported 9.5% of hypertriglyceridaemia and 20% of low HDL-C in a group of adolescents in Mexico [12]. "
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    • "Additionally, GWAS often have association signals spanning many genes, which results in several potential gene candidates that cannot be narrowed down using GWAS alone. The Mexican population has a high risk of dyslipidemia, with 31.5% of the population suffering from hypertriglyceridemia (TGs>1.7 mmol/l) [4]. Additionally, no genome-wide transcriptome analysis for lipids to date has been performed in Mexicans. "
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