Article

Risk and Resilience in Latinos A Community-Based Participatory Research Study

Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of California-Los Angeles, CA, USA.
American journal of preventive medicine (Impact Factor: 4.53). 12/2009; 37(6 Suppl 1):S217-24. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2009.08.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Latino youth in low-income households have a higher likelihood of poor educational and health outcomes than their peers. Protective factors, such as parental support, improve chances of success for youth. A community-academic partnership used community-based participatory research principles to examine perceptions of resilience among Latino young people in low-income households.
Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted in 2007 with Latino young people living in an urban low-income housing complex (n=20); their parents (n=10); and representatives from local community-based organizations (n=8) to explore their definitions of youth "success," and barriers to and facilitators of success. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, coded, and analyzed using content-analysis and grounded theory in 2007.
Participants identified self, family, and community factors as potential sources of support. Parents appeared to de-emphasize community resources, expressing that success resulted primarily from a child's individual desire, bolstered by family support. All stakeholder groups perceived peers more as potential barriers to achieving success than as potential sources of support.
These findings raise the possibility that in this community, low-income Latino parents' beliefs about community resources may act as a barrier to seeking assistance outside the family. Results also suggest that Latino youth recognize the benefits of interacting with adults outside the family and are accepting of help from the community. Resilience promotion programs in this population may benefit from engaging parents and community members in addition to young people. Parent-focused programs could explore parental beliefs about youth success, and youth programs could engage adult community members to generate positive interactions and messages.


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    ABSTRACT: Journal publication is only one of many obstacles to increased and fuller flow of research into practice, from the process by which research is conceived, reviewed and funded, to how researchers are trained and promoted, to how studies are synthesized for guidelines and other policy decisions. Some of these factors have been examined recently, specifically in relation to HIV-AIDS studies.35 The RWJF Clinical Scholars and their colleagues have demonstrated in their papers in this supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine several of the ways more participatory and practice-based research can contribute to closing some of these gaps. A meeting of journal editors and other organizations came to consensus on the need to address issues of external validity more systematically and on a series of practical measures to improve the applicability of the research they publish. Similar attention needs to be paid to other opportunities between the conception of research questions and the dissemination of research products to increase their relevance to practice (Table 1).
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2009 · American journal of preventive medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Community-based participatory research is an approach to studying human populations that emphasizes extensive partnerships between researchers and community members. While there are many advantages of this approach, it also faces a number of conceptual and practical challenges, one of which is managing the conflict that sometimes arises between promoting scientific and community interests. This essay explores the potential conflict between scientific and community interests in several different stages of community-based participatory research, including research design, data interpretation, and publication, and makes some suggestions for practice and policy. To manage potential conflicts between scientific and community interests, investigators and community partners should enter into written agreements at the beginning of the study. In some cases, it may be necessary for a third party, such as a review committee from a supporting institution, the community, or a funding agency, to help investigators and community partners resolve disagreements. It may also be useful, in some situations, to publish a dissenting opinion when investigators and community partners cannot agree on how to interpret findings resulting from a study. These strategies may help address some of the challenges of implementing community-based participatory research.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2010 · Accountability in Research Policies and Quality Assurance
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Questions & Answers about this publication

  • Mary C R Wilson added an answer in Public Housing:
    Can anyone suggest articles or books on resilience and adult public housing residents?

    My research is focused on getting more public housing residents to enroll and complete community college based certificate and degree programs.

    Mary C R Wilson

    Hello Terry

    This 2015 report might be relevant for the focus of your research; it is about housing associations in the UK and increasing skill levels:

    http://www.centreforcities.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Delivering-Change-Employment-Skills.pdf

    This, also from the UK, is older - 2006 - but might help:

    'Capability and Resilience: Beating the Odds', Edited by Professor Mel Bartley

    http://www.ucl.ac.uk/capabilityandresilience/beatingtheoddsbook.pdf

    This paper available from ResearchGate might be relevant:

    Shetgiri, R., Kataoka, S. H., Ryan, G. W., Askew, L. M., Chung, P. J., & Schuster, M. A. (2009). Risk and resilience in Latinos: A community-based participatory research study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 37(6), S217-S224.

    https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mark_Schuster2/publication/51439565_Risk_and_Resilience_in_Latinos_A_Community-Based_Participatory_Research_Study/links/02bfe51009e39a321f000000.pdf

    I think this might be useful, but could not access the full text; however, it can be requested on ResearchGate:

    Manzo, L. C., Kleit, R. G., & Couch, D. (2008). “Moving three times is like having your house on fire once”: The experience of place and impending displacement among public housing residents. Urban Studies, 45(9), 1855-1878.

    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/248974314_Moving_Three_Times_Is_Like_Having_Your_House_on_Fire_Once_The_Experience_of_Place_and_Impending_Displacement_among_Public_Housing_Residents

    Very best wishes with your research

    Mary

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      ABSTRACT: Latino youth in low-income households have a higher likelihood of poor educational and health outcomes than their peers. Protective factors, such as parental support, improve chances of success for youth. A community-academic partnership used community-based participatory research principles to examine perceptions of resilience among Latino young people in low-income households. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted in 2007 with Latino young people living in an urban low-income housing complex (n=20); their parents (n=10); and representatives from local community-based organizations (n=8) to explore their definitions of youth "success," and barriers to and facilitators of success. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, coded, and analyzed using content-analysis and grounded theory in 2007. Participants identified self, family, and community factors as potential sources of support. Parents appeared to de-emphasize community resources, expressing that success resulted primarily from a child's individual desire, bolstered by family support. All stakeholder groups perceived peers more as potential barriers to achieving success than as potential sources of support. These findings raise the possibility that in this community, low-income Latino parents' beliefs about community resources may act as a barrier to seeking assistance outside the family. Results also suggest that Latino youth recognize the benefits of interacting with adults outside the family and are accepting of help from the community. Resilience promotion programs in this population may benefit from engaging parents and community members in addition to young people. Parent-focused programs could explore parental beliefs about youth success, and youth programs could engage adult community members to generate positive interactions and messages.
      Full-text · Article · Dec 2009 · American journal of preventive medicine

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