Article

Adolescent School Failure Predicts Later Depression Among Girls

Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.
Journal of Adolescent Health (Impact Factor: 3.61). 08/2008; 43(2):180-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2008.01.023
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Past research has found that social, academic, and behavioral problems are linked with depression during childhood and adolescence. The present study tests a longitudinal cascade model of adolescent problems predicting depression into adulthood, while additionally testing for gender differences.
Using prospective longitudinal analysis with a sample of 808 youth followed from age 10 to 21, we tested whether social problems, school failure, and delinquency in adolescence increased risk for a major depressive episode in emerging adulthood. Structural equation modeling was used to test for gender differences.
Both early conduct problems and adolescent school failures predisposed girls to depression in young adulthood. Among the boys, none of the problems conferred risk for depression.
This study highlights the mutual interplay between school failure and psychological functioning. It is suggested that school adaptation in adolescence be considered a mental health issue.

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Available from: Liliana J Lengua
    • "No obstante, algunos estudios muestran que la asociación entre depresión y rendimiento académico es débil (Verboom et al., 2014) o inexistente (Reinherz et al., 1993) o depende de los instrumentos utilizados o de las asignaturas evaluadas (Galicia, Sánchez yRobles, 2009). Así, por ejemplo,Fröjd et al. (2008)McCarhty et al., 2008;Patterson y Stoolmiller, 1991; Reinherz, Giaconia, Hauf, Wasserman ySilverman, 1999). Por su parte,McCarthy et al. (2008) y Verboom et al. (2013argumentan que las mujeres pueden ser más vulnerables psicológicamente a las experiencias de fracaso escolar, en comparación con los varones.Bennet et al. (2005)hallaron que las mujeres adolescentes con depresión tenían mayores problemas de concentración que los varones, lo que podría estar relacionado con las rumiaciones, más frecuentes en chicas que en chicos. "
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    ABSTRACT: The present study analyzes the prevalence of depressive symptomatology in a sample of adolescent school students and how it is related to other factors in the school and clinical environments, with the ultimate aim of obtaining a predictive model for depressive symptomatology in the school environment. The sample was made up of 1285 students aged 12 to 16. Participants filled out the Children's Depression Scale (CDS) and the Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC S3), while their class teachers provided information on the academic performance of each student. The study found a prevalence of 3.8% of participants with severe depressive symptomatology, with significantly higher scores in girls, though there were no differences by age. The most prominent predictors in both sexes were: social stress, atypicality, anxiety, feelings of incompetence and somatization. For boys, external locus of control was also a predictor, and in the case of girls, self-esteem. We discuss the implications of these findings and proposals for future research.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Behavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual
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    • "En su estudio longitudinal hallaron que en el caso de las chicas, los niveles de depresión del año anterior, el apoyo del profesorado, el estrés escolar y las calificaciones escolares predecían la depresión un año después, mientras que en el caso de los chicos, la única variable que predecía la depresión era el nivel de depresión del año anterior, y no así, por ejemplo, las calificaciones escolares. Otros estudios apoyan esta hipótesis de que la relación depresión-rendimiento académico no es muy sólida en el caso de los varones (McCarhty et al., 2008; Patterson y Stoolmiller, 1991; Reinherz, Giaconia, Hauf, Wasserman y Silverman, 1999). Por su parte, McCarthy et al. (2008) y Verboom et al. (2013) argumentan que las mujeres pueden ser más vulnerables psicológicamente a las experiencias de fracaso escolar, en comparación con los varones. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study analyzes the prevalence of depressive symptomatology in a sample of adolescent school students and how it is related to other factors in the school and clinical environments, with the ultimate aim of obtaining a predictive model for depressive symptomatology in the school environment. The sample was made up of 1285 students aged 12 to 16. Participants filled out the Children’s Depression Scale (CDS) and the Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC S3), while their class teachers provided information on the academic performance of each student. The study found a prevalence of 3.8% of participants with severe depressive symptomatology, with significantly higher scores in girls, though there were no differences by age. The most prominent predictors in both sexes were: social stress, atypicality, anxiety, feelings of incompetence and somatization. For boys, external locus of control was also a predictor, and in the case of girls, self-esteem. We discuss the implications of these findings and proposals for future research. © 2015, Fundacion para el Avance de la Psicologia Clinica Conductual. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Behavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual
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    • "In our view, it seems unlikely that these secondary modules could account for the present cohort effects, given the vastly greater intensity and duration of primary MTFC interventions. Still, the problems targeted by these modules can have negative developmental consequences (e.g., arrest, unwanted pregnancy, school drop-out, child welfare involvement as a young parent) that in turn worsen depression and suicide risk (e.g., Bridge et al., 2006; Leve, Kerr, Harold, 2013; McCarty et al., 2008; Moffitt and E-Risk Study Team, 2002). Thus, future research should further consider whether changes in substance abuse, sexual risk taking, and associated life course processes targeted by these modules mediate the MTFC ϫ Cohort interaction effects on suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms that were noted here. "
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care (MTFC) has been found to reduce delinquency among girls in juvenile justice through 2-year follow-up. Given that such girls are at elevated risk for suicide and depression into adulthood, we tested MTFC effects on long-term trajectories of suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms. Method: Girls (N = 166; mean [SD] age = 15.3 [1.2] years; 68% White) with a recent criminal referral who were mandated to out-of-home care were enrolled in 2 sequential cohorts. Girls were randomized to receive MTFC (n = 81) or group care (GC) treatment as usual (TAU; n = 85); the second MTFC cohort also received modules targeting substance use and risky sexual behavior. Depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation were assessed repeatedly through early adulthood (mean [SD] follow-up = 8.8 [2.9] years). Suicide attempt history was assessed in early adulthood. Results: Girls assigned to MTFC showed significantly greater decreases in depressive symptoms across the long-term follow-up than GC girls (π = -.86, p < .05). Decreases in suicidal ideation rates were slightly stronger in MTFC than in GC as indicated by a marginal main effect (odds ratio [OR] = .92, p < .10) and a significant interaction that favored MTFC in the second cohort relative to the first (OR = .88, p < .01). There were no significant MTFC effects on suicide attempt. Conclusions: MTFC decreased depressive symptoms and suicidal thinking beyond the decreases attributable to time and TAU. Thus, MTFC has further impact on girls' lives than originally anticipated.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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