Article

Effect of physician gender and specialty on utilization of hysterectomy in New York, 2001-2005

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Science, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY 10029, USA.
American journal of obstetrics and gynecology (Impact Factor: 4.7). 10/2008; 199(4):347.e1-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2008.05.014
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of physician gender and specialty on the utilization of hysterectomy and alternatives to hysterectomy.
The database of Empire Blue Cross Blue Shield was abstracted for all claims relating to a hysterectomy procedure or a hysterectomy-associated diagnosis during the 48 consecutive months May 2001-April 2005. Two hundred ninety-five thousand, one hundred forty-eight claim lines were abstracted and analyzed by CPT and diagnostic grouping codes.
One thousand nine hundred seventy-two hysterectomies were performed during the time analyzed, as well as 5077 hysterectomy alternatives. These 7049 procedures represented 2.4% of all coded physician encounters. Male physicians utilize hysterectomy and hysterectomy alternatives at the same rate as female physicians. Physicians who practice gynecology-only or gynecologic oncology utilize laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy more often than their counterparts who practice obstetrics as well as gynecology.
Gender does not influence the rate of hysterectomy for similar clinical diagnoses. Subspecialty physicians utilize laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomies more frequently than general obstetricians and gynecologists.

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    • "To our knowledge, previous studies have focused on the use of various hysterectomy procedures [9] [14] [15] and surveyed surgeon preferences and attitudes toward minimally invasive hysterectomy [3] based on regional samples, limited to selected hospitals, and less relevant to adjustment. The use of nationwide datasets provides an opportunity to identify characteristics of practicing gynecologists that determine the use of LH. "
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    ABSTRACT: With continuing development of minimally invasive techniques in gynecology, hysterectomy with laparoscopic assistance is increasingly performed. This study aimed to examine the relationship between the characteristics of gynecologists and the likelihood of performing laparoscopic-assisted hysterectomy (LH) under the case payment system of Taiwan's National Health Insurance. A retrospective population-based study was conducted based on the data from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. A total of 56,532 female residents aged 20 years and older who underwent total hysterectomy with or without laparoscopic assistance between 2004 and 2006 were included in the study. The gender, age and practice volume of their gynecologists were noted. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Of the women selected, 30,478 underwent traditional total hysterectomy (TH) and 26,054 underwent LH. After controlling for clinical and nonclinical factors, male gynecologists (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.55-1.76) were more likely to perform LH than their female colleagues. Gynecologists aged 60 years and older (OR 0.31, 95% CI 0.29-0.39) had the lowest likelihood of performing LH compared with their counterparts. In addition, surgeons with low-volume practice (OR 0.31, 95% CI 0.29-0.33) also had a significantly lower probability of performing LH compared with other surgeons. A higher likelihood of performing LH was observed among male and younger gynecologists with high-volume practice in Taiwan. This finding suggests that differences in practice patterns and surgical treatment decision may explain the variation in the approaches to laparoscopy-assisted hysterectomies. Differences in practice patterns and surgical treatment decisions may explain the variation in the approaches to laparoscopic-assisted hysterectomies.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012 · European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the effect of patient clinical factors on the utilization of hysterectomy and alternatives of hysterectomy. The database of Empire Blue Cross Blue Shield was abstracted for all claims relating to a hysterectomy procedure or a hysterectomy-associated diagnosis during the 48 consecutive months of May 2001-April 2005. Two hundred ninety-five thousand one hundred forty-eight claim lines were abstracted and analyzed by CPT and diagnostic grouping codes. One thousand nine hundred seventy-two hysterectomies were performed during the time analyzed, and 5,077 hysterectomy alternatives. The mean age of all patients encountered was 39.1 years. Patients undergoing a hysterectomy alternative or hysterectomy had mean ages of 46.0 and 49.7 years, respectively. Abnormal bleeding was associated with the most encounters, while leiomyomata was associated with the most hysterectomies performed. Patients who undergo hysterectomy are, on average, older than those undergoing office management or hysterectomy alternatives. Procedures are most commonly associated with diagnosis of bleeding, leiomyomata, or cancer. Bleeding typically results in a hysterectomy alternative, while leiomyomata has the highest association with hysterectomy.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2008 · American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
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    ABSTRACT: On the basis of consistent published scientific evidence, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has given uterine artery embolization (UAE) a level A recommendation as a viable alternative treatment for uterine myomas, describing it as a safe and effective option for appropriately selected women who wish to retain their uteri. Despite the growth of favorable clinical outcome information, many gynecologists do not routinely offer UAE as an alternative to abdominal hysterectomy or abdominal myomectomy. The percentage of laparoscopic hysterectomies in the United States remains less than 20%, reflecting the reluctance or inability of gynecologic surgeons to perform other minimally invasive procedures such as hysteroscopic myomectomy, laparoscopic myomectomy, laparoscopic hysterectomy, or even vaginal hysterectomy. Of great significance, many patients do not wish to have any kind of surgery, no matter how “minimally invasive.” As a result, patients seeking less invasive treatments may bypass the gynecologist and be referred directly to an interventional radiologist by their primary care physician, or they may self-refer. Little has been published on the referral relationship between gynecologists and the interventional radiologist who performs uterine artery embolization. The absence of a structured routine referral relationship causes some women to undergo treatments that potentially are not aligned with all of her treatment desires. This study was undertaken to gain insight into the interventional radiologist–gynecologist dynamic and the benefit to patients who are informed of all of their options for the treatment of myomas.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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