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"A great deal of research has focused on identifying the neural structures involved in processes at the heart of social cognition, such as self-awareness, selfreferencing , self-regulation, and mentalizing (e.g. Adolphs, 2009; Decety & Sommerville, 2003; Fletcher et al., 1995; Gusnard, Akbudak, Shulman, & Raichle, 2001; Heatherton, 2011; Heatherton et al., 2006; Jenkins & Mitchell, 2010; Johnson et al., 2006; Kelley et al., 2002; Mitchell, 2008; Mitchell, Banaji, & Macrae, 2005; Mitchell, Macrae, & Banaji, 2006; Mitchell, Cloutier, Banaji, & Macrae, 2006; Moran, Macrae, Heatherton, Wyland, & Kelley, 2006; Northoff & Bermpohl, 2004; Northoff et al., 2006a,b; Saxe & Kanwisher, 2003; Schulte-Ruther, Markowitsch, Fink, & Piefke, 2007; Turk, Heatherton, Macrae, Kelley, & Gazzaniga, 2003; Völlm et al., 2006). Research has also associated neural structures with phenomena such as attributional inference (e.g. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Published and informal assessments of the prospects for neuroimaging in political science have tended to range from overexuberant to reflexively dismissive. We seek to present a cautious but fair middle ground in considering this new methodology, primarily from an epistemological perspective. Our examination centers on the relationship between two levels of analysis, focusing on the potential for connection between behavior-based theories of political psychology and cognition and the neural processes and systems involved in generating behaviors and states of mind. We explore the place of each level of analysis on its own, as well as the potential for the fruitful interaction of the two. This analysis brings together opinions and ideas presented by others in various forums and across multiple disciplines, offers a discussion of the the promises and perils of neuroimaging in its application to social science, as well as some practical thoughts regarding its early-stage incorporation into political psychology. We argue in favor of proceeding with more substantial incorporation of neuroimaging into political psychology's methodological arsenal, but note that this will initially require both (1) greater acceptance of work more focused on presenting empirical results than on providing dispositive evidence in broader theoretical debates and (2) a commitment on the part of those conducting this research to refrain from overstating the definitiveness of its theoretical implications.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2012 · Political Psychology
"At the same time, social psychology inspires an increasing amount of research in neuroscience and vice versa (e.g., Dunbar, 2003; Norris, Chen, Zhu, Small, & Cacioppo, 2004). indeed, " social neuroscience " is the name of a new and rapidly growing field (Decety & Keenan, 2005). it seems clear, in other words, that previously important demarcation lines between psychological subdisciplines have become increasingly permeable, resulting in increased integration and new possibilities. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Cognitivism has dominated mainstream psychology for decades, but lately its position has been weakened. It has been criticized not only by behavior analysts but also by social and evolutionary psychologists, neuroscientists, and authors who are or used to be cognitivists themselves. At the same time, psychologists and neuroscientists in several fields are now rediscovering the necessity of understanding behavior in light of its functional relations. Hence a need for relevant knowledge is felt. Cognitive psychology has little to offer in this regard. Behavior analysis, on the other hand, possesses a wealth of relevant facts and theory. Though chances seem slight that mainstream psychology will return to behaviorism, a window of opportunity now exists for the reintegration of behavior-analytic research into the mainstream.
Preview · Article · Nov 2007 · The Psychological record
"Most neuroimaging studies that have explored the overlap in brain response between the observation of behavior performed by others and the generation of the same behavior in self have relied on simple subtraction methods and generally highlight the commonalities between self and other processing, and ignore the differences. This is particularly true for the recent series of fMRI studies that have reported shared neural circuits for the first-hand experience of pain and the perception of pain in others (see Jackson, Rainville , & Decety, 2006, for an exception). It is, however, possible, as argued by Zaki and collaborators , that common activity in ACC and AI may reflect the operation of distinct but overlapping networks of regions that support perception of self or other-pain. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Interpersonal sensitivity refers to our ability to perceive and respond with care to the internal states (e.g., cognitive, affective, motivational) of another, understand the antecedents of those states, and predict the subsequent events that will result. This special issue brings together new research findings from empirical studies, including work with adults and children, genetics, functional neuroimaging, individual differences, and behavioral measures, which examine how we process and respond to information about our fellow individuals. By combining biological and psychological approaches, social neuroscience sheds new light on the complex and multi-faceted phenomenon of interpersonal sensitivity, including empathy. One should, however, be aware of the challenges and limits of such an approach.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2007 · Social neuroscience