Article

World Health Organization global policy for improvement of oral health--World Health Assembly 2007

World Health Organization, Global Oral Health Programme, Department of Chronic Disease and Health Promotion, Geneva, Switzerland.
International Dental Journal (Impact Factor: 1.26). 06/2008; 58(3):115-21. DOI: 10.1111/j.1875-595X.2008.tb00185.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

The World Health Organization (WHO) Global Oral Health Programme has worked hard over the past five years to increase the awareness of oral health worldwide as an important component of general health and quality of life. Meanwhile, oral disease is still a major public health problem in high income countries and the burden of oral disease is growing in many low- and middle income countries. In the World Oral Health Report 2003, the WHO Global Oral Health Programme formulated the policies and the necessary actions for the improvement of oral health. The strategy is that oral disease prevention and the promotion of oral health needs to be integrated with chronic disease prevention and general health promotion as the risks to health are linked. The World Health Assembly (WHA) and the Executive Board (EB) are supreme governance bodies of WHO and for the first time in 25 years oral health was subject to discussion by those bodies in 2007. At the EB120 and WHA60, the Member States agreed on an action plan for oral health and integrated disease prevention, thereby confirming the approach of the Oral Health Programme. The policy forms the basis for future development or adjustment of oral health programmes at national level.

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    • "Oral diseases, periodontal disease, and tooth loss are an alarming public health problem. Their impact on individuals in terms of pain, impairment of function, and reduced quality of life is substantial[1]. Oral diseases can, however, be prevented or reversed by regular performance of oral hygiene behaviors at home (e.g., brushing with fluoride toothpaste twice a day and dental flossing[2]). However, adherence to oral hygiene behaviors is suboptimal with a significant proportion of people brushing and flossing their teeth less than is recommended or needed to prevent problems[2,3]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a planning intervention (specifying when, where, and how to act) and an implementation intention intervention (specifying the same in the format of an if-then plan) in increasing self-reported brushing in adolescents. Methods The study adopted a cluster randomized controlled trial design, and 1158 students in 48 schools were randomized to planning, implementation intention, or active control conditions. After baseline assessment, all participants received a leaflet containing information and recommendations on oral health and instructions on correct brushing behavior. After reading the leaflets, they were provided with a toothbrush and toothpaste plus a calendar in which to record their brushing. Participants in the planning condition and in the implementation intention condition also received instructions to form specific plans regarding brushing behavior. Self-reported brushing, perceived behavioral control, self-monitoring, intention, frequency of planning, oral health-related quality of life, and dental plaque and periodontal status were measured 1 and 6 months later. Results Both intervention conditions showed a significant improvement in the frequency of self-reported brushing, self-monitoring, frequency of planning, intention, perceived behavioral control, plaque index, periodontal health, and oral health-related quality of life compared to the control condition at both follow-ups. Comparing the two intervention conditions revealed that adolescents who received the implementation intention intervention had significantly greater improvement in the frequency of self-reported brushing, intention, frequency of planning, and periodontal health than those in planning condition. Conclusions Taken together, the findings suggest that forming implementation intentions as well as planning has the potential to increase dental self-reported brushing rates in adolescents, but that forming implementation intentions has the strongest impact on dental hygiene behavior and is, therefore, recommended. Trial Registration Number The trial was registered with the ClinicalTrials.gov database (NCT02066987) https:// www. clinicaltrials. gov/ ct2/ show/ NCT02066987.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Annals of Behavioral Medicine
    • "Globally, the greatest burden of oral diseases lies on disadvantaged and poor populations. The current pattern of oral disease reflects distinct risk profiles across countries related to living conditions, behavioural and environmental factors, oral health systems and implementation of scheme stop revent oral disease (Petersen, 2008). The problems related with oral and dental health in Turkey are among the most important public health problems. "

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    • "Dental flossing is the most commonly recommended adjunctive oral self-care method to prevent such diseases (Sambunjak et al., 2011). However, a large proportion of people floss their teeth less than recommended or not at all (Petersen, 2008). In India, there is lack of appropriate 30 oral health education even among literates, and flossing is not a well-known behavior (Kumar, 2012). "
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    ABSTRACT: A sequential intervention to facilitate the adoption and maintenance of dental flossing was conducted among 205 students in India, aged 18-26 years. Two experimental groups received different treatment sequences and were observed at three assessment points, 34 days apart. One group received first a motivational intervention (intention, outcome expectancies, and risk perception, followed by a self-regulatory intervention (planning, self-efficacy, and action control). The second group received the same intervention in the opposite order. Both intervention sequences yielded gains in terms of flossing, planning, self-efficacy, and action control. However, at Time 2, those who had received the self-regulatory intervention first, were superior to their counterparts who had received the motivational intervention first. At Time 3, differences vanished as everyone had then received both interventions. Thus, findings highlight the benefits of a self-regulatory compared to a mere motivational intervention.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Psychology Health and Medicine
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