Optimized Preparation of in Situ Forming Microparticles for the Parenteral Delivery of Vinpocetine
A spherical symmetric design-response surface methodology was applied to optimize the preparation of vinpocetine-loaded poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) PLGA in situ forming microparticles (ISM system). The influence of the ratio of PLGA to vinpocetine (w/w), the concentration of Tween 80 (w/v) and the volume of propylene glycol on the burst release, medium particle diameter and size distribution was evaluated. Scan electron microscopy of the optimized in situ microparticles exhibited spherical shape, and vinpocetine-loading mainly inside the microparticles. The data showed that the release of vinpocetine from in situ microparticles in vitro and in vivo lasted about 40 d. In vivo pharmacokinetic characteristics of the optimized in situ microparticles was assessed after they were intramuscularly injected into rats. HPLC method was used to determine the plasma concentration of vinpocetine. The absolute bioavailability of vinpocetine in the microparticles was 27.6% in rats, which suggested that PLGA in situ microparticles were a valuable system for the delivery of vinpocetine.