Effects of an indoor plant on creative task performance and mood

Doshisha University, Kioto, Kyoto, Japan
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.29). 11/2004; 45(5):373-81. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2004.00419.x
Source: PubMed


In this study, we investigated the effect of an indoor plant on task performance and on mood. Three room arrangements were used as independent variables: a room with (1) a plant, or (2) a magazine rack with magazines placed in front of the participants, or (3) a room with neither of these objects. Undergraduate students (M= 35, F= 55) performed a task of associating up to 30 words with each of 20 specified words in a room with one of the three room arrangements. Task performance scores showed that female participants performed better in view of the plant in comparison to the magazine rack (p < 0.05). Moreover, mood was better with the plant or the magazine rack in the room compared to the no object condition (p < 0.05). However, the difference in task performance was highly influenced by the evaluation about the plant or the magazine rack. It is suggested that the compatibility between task demand and the environment is an important factor in facilitating task performances.

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    • "exploring workplace satisfaction and health have found that office spaces that afford views of nature (be they of plants or posters), result in improved job and life satisfaction, reduced stress and anger, and fewer sick-days compared to office spaces without such views (Bringslimark, Hartig & Patil, 2007; Kweon et al., 2008; Leather et al., 1998; Shibata & Suzuki, 2004). In this paper, the restorative effects of nature are replicated in controlled laboratory settings, and the mechanisms for restoration suggested by Attention Restoration Theory and Psycho-evolutionary Theory are examined from the perspective of human visual perception and visual reward systems. "
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    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of Environmental Psychology
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    • "In fact, previous studies indicated the direct or indirect role of certain features of the physical work environment on creativity via mood (Hedge, 1982; Larsen et al., 1998; Shibata and Suzuki, 2004). For instance, Larsen et al. (1998) indicated that using plants in office design can improve people's positive moods; Shibata and Suzuki (2004) specified that using plants at work can enhance people's positive mood and creativity as well. Hedge (1982) indicated the role of windows in the workplace to enhance employees' creativity. "
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    • "The participants were asked to perform memory recall and complex proof-reading exercises, and those operating in the room with potted plants showed improved performance between baseline and an evaluation 10 minutes later [56]. Furthermore, Japanese researchers manipulated a small office room and reported that the presence of a 4-foot tall corn plant improved mood and performance scores among women on a task designed to evaluate creativity [57]. Recently, researchers from Australia have reported that indoor plants placed in a classroom may influence academic scores among younger students [58]. "
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