Turner CF, Ku L, Rogers SM, Lindberg LD, Pleck JH, Sonenstein FLAdolescent sexual behavior, drug use, and violence: increased reporting with computer survey technology. Science 280: 867-873

University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States
Science (Impact Factor: 33.61). 05/1998; 280(5365):867-73. DOI: 10.1126/science.280.5365.867
Source: PubMed


Surveys of risk behaviors have been hobbled by their reliance on respondents to report accurately about engaging in behaviors
that are highly sensitive and may be illegal. An audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (audio-CASI) technology for measuring
those behaviors was tested with 1690 respondents in the 1995 National Survey of Adolescent Males. The respondents were randomly
assigned to answer questions using either audio-CASI or a more traditional self-administered questionnaire. Estimates of the
prevalence of male-male sex, injection drug use, and sexual contact with intravenous drug users were higher by factors of
3 or more when audio-CASI was used. Increased reporting was also found for several other risk behaviors.

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    • "These behaviors have included suicide thoughts, intention, plans; substance use and abuse; unsafe sexual behavior; smoking and other risk taking behaviors (see CDC Youth Risk Surveillance Studies, 1983-2013(1, 2, 3), (Turner, Ku, Pleck, 1998(4), (Ruchkin, Schwab-Stone, Koposov, et. al.,2003 (5). "
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    DESCRIPTION: Exploratory study comparing risk behavior in normative and clinical samples of adolescents using the Adolescent Risk Behavior Inventory (ARBI)
    Full-text · Research · Oct 2015
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    • "It is conceivable that today's young people may be more comfortable disclosing information to a computer as a result of growing up around technology and social media (Livingstone 2008). Findings from selfreports of risky health behaviours in adolescence also support this explanation (Turner et al. 1998). The findings by Patalay et al. (2015) demonstrated the importance of establishing cross-equivalence testing for childhood self-report measures. "
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    ABSTRACT: The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is one of the most widely used measures of young people’s mental health difficulties in research and clinical decision- making. Although the SDQ is available in both paper and computer survey formats, cross-format equivalences have yet to be established. The current study aimed to assess the measure’s equivalence across paper- and computer-based survey formats in a community-based school setting. The study examined self-reported measures completed by a matched sample of 11–14 year olds in secondary schools in England (589 completed paper version; 589 online version). Analyses demonstrate that the factor structure, although did not vary by survey format, resulted in poorly fitting models limiting the use of model based invariance testing. Results indicate that the measure does not operate similarly across different formats, with scale-level mean differences observed for the hyperactivity scale, which also affects the total difficulties score, with higher scores seen in the paper version. Responses to the impact supplement were also influenced by survey format, with higher impact in specific domains disclosed on the computer-based measure. Item-level differential item functioning was observed for four items in the measure; two from the prosocial scale where the DIF is large enough to affect the scale (DTF, í2 = 0.14). The inconsistency across survey formats highlights the need for more assessment of influences of different survey formats on young people, their perceived privacy and their mental health disclosures via different media. The findings also highlight the potential confounding effect of format when different methods of data collection are used, with a potentially substantive impact on cross-sample comparisons and within child clinical review.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
    • " have dramatic consequences in terms of recorded drug use prevalence . For example , in a comparative analysis of data from CAPI and CASI , Dutch authorities found that last - month prevalence of cannabis use was regis - tered at 6 . 5 percent for the former and 12 percent for the latter ( van Laar et al . 2012 ) . Table 3 , reporting US data from Turner et al . ( 1998 ) , shows that the differences in revealed drug consumption prevalence can be even bigger whether measured with a self - administered paper and pencil ( SA - P and P ) questionnaire or with ACASI . 21 Similarly , remarkable dif - ferences are shown for telephone interviews when the questionnaire is applied by a human interviewer rather "
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    ABSTRACT: There has been relatively little effort at cross-national analysis of data concerning drug policy, though there is growing variation in how nations deal with illegal drugs. Systematic accounts of barriers to, and opportunities for, making comparisons are scarce. Comparisons of drug use prevalence, the focus of most cross-national studies, are undermined by fundamental and unacknowledged methodological differences. Prevalence is a poor measure of drug problems, but more appropriate indicators, such as drug-related crime and morality, are generated by institutional and legal systems that differ across countries, making them even more difficult to compare. The same is true of intensity of enforcement; besides problems of creating comparable arrest, conviction, and incarceration data, there is difficulty in generating an appropriate denominator of offenses. Collaboration among national data collection programs can help somewhat, but substantial progress will depend on harmonization of basic measurement systems, such as arrests and incarceration and on more subtle measures such as the prevalence of problem drug use.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015
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