Awareness and Preferences Regarding BRCA1/2 Genetic Counseling and Testing Among Latinas and Non-Latina White Women at Increased Risk for Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer

Huntsman Cancer Institute, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA.
Journal of Genetic Counseling (Impact Factor: 2.24). 06/2011; 20(6):625-38. DOI: 10.1007/s10897-011-9376-7
Source: PubMed


This study was an investigation of awareness, cognitions, and psychosocial and educational needs related to genetic counseling and testing among Latinas and non-Latina whites at increased risk for having a BRCA1/2 mutation. Sixty-three Latina and eighty-four non-Latina white women completed telephone surveys employing a mixture of quantitative and qualitative questions assessing awareness, benefits, risks, barriers, and genetic counseling communication preferences regarding BRCA1/2 testing. Among participants who had not previously had genetic counseling/testing, 56.9% of Latinas (29/51) and 34.8% of non-Latina white participants (24/69) were unaware of the availability of BRCA1/2 testing. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, Latina ethnicity was the only statistically significant independent factor associated with lack of awareness (OR = 0.42; 95% CI = 0.19-0.35). No appreciable differences were noted between ethnic groups regarding perceived benefits of BRCA1/2 testing or desired genetic counseling topics. These findings underscore the importance of increasing awareness of cancer genetic counseling and genetic testing among both Latina and non-Latina white populations.

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Available from: Erin Rothwell, Jul 02, 2015
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    • "Again, the individuals most interested in these tests tend to be non- Latino Whites, to be college educated, to believe in the value of genetics, and to be motivated to change health behaviors (McBride et al., 2009). Lower levels of awareness about the availability of predictive and genetic susceptibility testing have been reported in African Americans and Latinos, underscoring disparities in the communication of genetic information (Gammon et al., 2011; Langford, Resnicow, Roberts, & Zikmund-Fisher, 2012). Taken together, the evidence suggests that unless proactive efforts are taken to engage a broader set of target audiences, emerging genetics-informed health technologies likely will have limited reach. "
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