Pilot Study of a Cognitive Behavioral Group Intervention to Prevent Further Weight Gain in Hispanic Individuals With Schizophrenia

ArticleinJournal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association 13(6):353-9 · December 2008with4 Reads
Impact Factor: 0.98 · DOI: 10.1177/1078390307309517 · Source: PubMed


    Obesity and type 2 diabetes are increasing significantly in the Hispanic population and in the Hispanic population with schizophrenia. In the Diabetes Prevention Project (DPP), cognitive-behavioral (CB) interventions were more effective in reducing weight and preventing diabetes.
    To test a CB group intervention based on the DPP model among Hispanic individuals with schizophrenia on weight, body mass index (BMI), and waist-hip circumference (WH).
    Pilot study using a pre-post quasi-experimental design and convenience sample of 8 subjects from a public mental health clinic who met for 8 weekly group meetings.
    No significant differences in BMI, weight, or WH scores based on t-test results; the subjects' weight remained stable, there was a trend toward weight loss, and no one gained weight during the trial.
    No further weight gain is a finding that merits further research using a larger sample size and a randomized controlled design. J Am Psychiatr Nurses Assoc, 2008; 13(6), 353-359.