Spinal Cord Injury Markedly Altered Protein Expression Patterns in the Affected Rat Urinary Bladder during Healing Stages

MRCND and Department of Biochemistry, BK21 Program for Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine and Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea.
Journal of Korean medical science (Impact Factor: 1.27). 06/2011; 26(6):814-23. DOI: 10.3346/jkms.2011.26.6.814
Source: PubMed


The influence of spinal cord injury (SCI) on protein expression in the rat urinary bladder was assessed by proteomic analysis at different time intervals post-injury. After contusion SCI between T9 and T10, bladder tissues were processed by 2-DE and MALDI-TOF/MS at 6 hr to 28 days after SCI to identify proteins involved in the healing process of SCI-induced neurogenic bladder. Approximately 1,000 spots from the bladder of SCI and sham groups were visualized and identified. At one day after SCI, the expression levels of three protein were increased, and seven spots were down-regulated, including heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) and heat shock protein 20 (Hsp20). Fifteen spots such as S100-A11 were differentially expressed seven days post-injury, and seven proteins including transgelin had altered expression patterns 28 days after injury. Of the proteins with altered expression levels, transgelin, S100-A11, Hsp27 and Hsp20 were continuously and variably expressed throughout the entire post-SCI recovery of the bladder. The identified proteins at each time point belong to eight functional categories. The altered expression patterns identified by 2-DE of transgelin and S100-A11 were verified by Western blot. Transgelin and protein S100-A11 may be candidates for protein biomarkers in the bladder healing process after SCI.

Download full-text


Available from: Dawon Kang
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Kinin B1 and B2 receptors have been implicated in physiological and pathological conditions of the urinary bladder. However, their role in overactive urinary bladder (OAB) syndrome following spinal cord injury (SCI) remains elusive. We investigated the role of kinin B1 and B2 receptors in OAB after SCI in rats. SCI was associated with a marked inflammatory response and functional changes in the urinary bladder. SCI resulted in an up-regulation of B1 receptor mRNA in the urinary bladder, dorsal root ganglion and spinal cord, as well as in B1 protein in the urinary bladder and B1 and B2 receptor protein in spinal cord. Interestingly, both B1 and B2 protein expression were similarly distributed in detrusor muscle and urothelium of animals with SCI. In vitro stimulation of urinary bladder with the selective B1 or B2 agonist elicited a higher concentration-response curve in the SCI urinary bladder than in naive or sham urinary bladders. Cystometry revealed that treatment of SCI animals with the B2 selective antagonist icatibant reduced the amplitude and number of non-voiding contractions (NVCs). The B1 antagonist des-Arg9-[Leu8]-bradykinin reduced the number of NVCs while the non-peptide B1 antagonist SSR240612 reduced the number of NVCs, the urinary bladder capacity and increased the voiding efficiency and voided volume. Taken together, these data show the important roles of B1 and B2 receptors in OAB following SCI in rats and suggest that blockade of these receptors could be a potential therapeutic target for controlling OAB.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2012 · British Journal of Pharmacology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Study objective. The objective of this study was to measure the phosphorylated neurofilament subunit NF-H (pNF-H) in cerebro-spinal fluid of patients with spinal cord injury and to determine the correlation between the pNF-H levels and the severity of the injury. Materials and methods. The study included 15 subjects with acute traumatic spinal cord injury: eight patients with complete spinal cord injury (SCI) and seven patients with incomplete SCI. All patients were classified according to the American Spinal Injury Association impairment scale (ASIA) and all patients underwent surgery during the first 24 hours (decompression, stabilization). We measured daily the heavy phosphorylated neurofilament subunit (pNF-H) concentration by sandwich ELISA test in CSF in all patients and we correlated the values of pNF-H with the clinical evolution. Results. For all patients with SCI pNF-H was detectable in CSF samples and the values were different in the cases of complete SCI toward the cases of incomplete SCI and the cerebro-spinal pNF-H level was more elevated in cases of complete SCI. The level of CSF pNF-H was ten to a hundred times higher in complete SCI than the level of CSF pNF-H in cases with incomplete SCI, where the level of this biomarker was close to normal. The patients with a favorable neurological evolution after treatment had a specific pattern of daily values of pNF-H: a sudden increase up to a maximum value then a progressive decrease until normal. The maximum values were different in each case, from 10 times up to 170 times higher than the normal. Conclusion. The phosphorylated form of the high-molecular-weight neurofilament subunit NF-H (pNF-H) in cerebro-spinal fluid can be a specific biomarker for spinal cord injury and it can distinguish the severity of SCI. pNF-H is a predictive biomarker because of its values pattern can show the reducing or stopping of the secondary lesion and the favorable result.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Revista Romana de Medicina de Laborator