A Summary of the Methods That the National Clinical Guideline Centre Uses to Produce Clinical Guidelines for the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, Londinium, England, United Kingdom Annals of internal medicine
(Impact Factor: 17.81).
06/2011; 154(11):752-7. DOI: 10.1059/0003-4819-154-11-201106070-00007
The National Clinical Guideline Centre develops evidence-based clinical guidelines on behalf of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence in the United Kingdom. These guidelines are developed for the National Health Service in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland and establish recommendations on best practice. The authors summarize the main methods used in development, how evidence from systematic reviews is interpreted to form recommendations, who is involved in the process, and the main outputs that are published.
Available from: Trisha Greenhalgh
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ABSTRACT: The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence released its first clinical guideline on heart failure in 2003. This synopsis describes the update of that guideline, which was released in August 2010 and discusses the diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of heart failure.
Guideline developers considered clinical evidence, health economic analyses, clinical expert opinion, and patient views. Systematic literature searches were performed, and an original decision model assessed the cost-effectiveness of serial measurement of serum natriuretic peptide to monitor patients with chronic heart failure.
First, this guideline update describes the role of serum natriuretic peptide measurement, echocardiography, and specialist assessment in the diagnosis of heart failure. Second, it presents a pathway for pharmacologic treatment, rehabilitation, and pacing therapy (including implantable cardioverter-defibrillator and cardiac resynchronization therapy) for patients with heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction and patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction. Finally, it explains the recommendation to monitor patients with heart failure by using serial measurement of serum natriuretic peptide.
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