Importance of Socioeconomic, Clinical, and Psychological Factors on Health-related Quality of Life in Adolescents After Kidney Transplant

Department of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
Experimental and clinical transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation 02/2011; 9(1):50-5.
Source: PubMed


Health-related quality of life after kidney transplant in adolescents is a major concern; nevertheless, there is a paucity of data on the variables that have an effect on it. This study evaluated the extent to which socioeconomic, clinical, and psychological characteristics explain the variance in the health-related quality of life of adolescent Iranian kidney transplant recipients.
Into a hierarchical regression analysis, the cross-sectional socioeconomic, clinical, and psychological characteristics were entered among 55 adolescent Iranian kidney transplant recipients.
The relative predictive power of socioeconomic, clinical, and psychological variables with respect to health-related quality of life was 21.8% (P = .088), 21.2% (P = .014), and 27.6% (P = .001).
Psychological factors had a greater relative predictive power in postrenal transplant health-related quality of life of adolescents than did socioeconomic and clinical characteristics. Further research should target improvement of health-related quality of life in adolescent kidney recipients by psychological intervention.

Download full-text


Available from: Shervin Assari, Dec 30, 2013
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Pediatric patients undergoing kidney transplantation can present changes in pulmonary function and functional capacity for exercise. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional capacity and pulmonary function in children and adolescents undergoing kidney transplantation. METHOD: Children and adolescents aged six to 18 years of age were evaluated in Outpatient Clinic of Nephrology, Hospital da Criança Santo Antônio, Santa Casa de Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil in period the june of 2010 the march of 2011. Pulmonary capacity was assessed by spirometry and maximal respiratory pressures and functional capacity through 6-minute walk test (6MWT). RESULTS: The sample comprised 25 patients, 14 (56%) males with a mean age of 13.5 ± 3.3 years. From, 19 (76%) underwent dialysis before transplantation. Mean forced vital capacity (FVC) was 97.91 + 24.32% and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) 100.53 + 17.66% from predicted value. In the 6MWT, the patients walked 229.14 meters less than predicted (p < 0.001). The maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP) was significantly lower than predicted, and the difference in cmH2O -24.63 (p = 0.03), as the maximum expiratory pressure (MEP), with a difference of 49.27 cmH2O (p < 0.001). By correlating, functional capacity, spirometry and maximal respiratory pressures, find an association between FVC and 6MWT (r = 0.52, p = 0.01) and FVC and MIP (r = 0.54, p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Reduced functional capacity and maximum respiratory pressures were diagnosed in a small cohort of pediatric patients after kidney transplantation. Better the functional capacity and PiMáx better the FVC.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Comorbidity is prevalent among patients with Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) and may influence patients' subjective and objective domains of well-being. We aimed to investigate the associations between comorbidity and different measures of well-being (i.e. health related quality of life, psychological distress, sleep quality, and dyadic adjustment) among patients with IHD. In this cross-sectional study, 796 outpatients with documented IHD were enrolled from an outpatient cardiology clinic in 2006. Comorbidity (Ifudu index), quality of life (SF36), psychological distress (Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale; HADS), sleep quality (Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index; PSQI), and dyadic adjustment quality (Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale; RDAS) were measured. Associations between comorbidity and different measures of well-being were determined. Significant correlations were found between comorbidity score and all measures of well-being. Comorbidity score was correlated with physical quality of life (r = -0.471, P < 0.001), mental quality of life (r = -0.447, P < 0.001), psychological distress (r = 0.344, P < 0.001), sleep quality (r = 0.358, P < 0.001), and dyadic adjustment (r = -0.201, P < 0.001). This study showed a consistent pattern of associations between somatic comorbidities and multiple aspects of well-being among patients with IHD. Findings may increase cardiologists' interest to identify and treat somatic conditions among IHD patients.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · International Cardiovascular Research Journal
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients with heart disease experience limited activities of daily living (ADL). This is a cross-country comparison of the additive effects of Socioeconomics, health behaviors, and the number of medical comorbidities on disability among patients with heart disease. The current study used a cross-sectional design. Data came from the Research on Early Life and Aging Trends and Effects (RELATE). The current analysis utilized data on elderly individuals (age ≥60 y) from 13 countries. The outcome was any ADL limitation (i.e. bathing, dressing, using toilet, transferring, lifting heavy things, shopping, and eating meals). Socioeconomics (i.e. age, gender, education, and income), health behaviors (i.e. exercise, smoking, and drinking), and number of chronic medical conditions (i.e. hypertension, respiratory, arthritis, stroke, and diabetes) were entered into country-specific logistic regressions, considering at least one limitation in ADL as the main outcome. Number of comorbid medical conditions and age were positively associated with disability in 85% of the countries. Physical activity and drinking were linked to disability in 54%and 31% of countries, respectively. Higher education and income were associated with lower disability in 31% and 23% of the countries, respectively. Female gender was associated with higher disability only in 15% of the countries. Smoking was not associated with disability, while the effects of socioeconomics, drinking, exercise, and medical comorbidities were controlled. Determinants of disability depend on the country; accordingly, locally designed health promotion interventions may be superior to the universal interventions for patients with heart disease. Medical comorbidities, however, should be universally diagnosed and treated.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015
Show more