BUDDY-system: A web site for constructing a dataset of protein pairs between ligand-bound and unbound states

Department of Fundamental Research, National Institute of Biomedical Innovation (NIBIO), 7-6-8 Saito Asagi, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0085, Japan. .
BMC Research Notes 05/2011; 4(1):143. DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-4-143
Source: PubMed


Elucidating molecular recognition by proteins, such as in enzyme-substrate and receptor-ligand interactions, is a key to understanding biological phenomena. To delineate these protein interactions, it is important to perform structural bioinformatics studies relevant to molecular recognition. Such studies require a dataset of protein structure pairs between ligand-bound and unbound states. In many studies, the same well-designed and high-quality dataset has been used repeatedly, which has spurred the development of subsequent relevant research. Using previously constructed datasets, researchers are able to fairly compare obtained results with those of other studies; in addition, much effort and time is saved. Therefore, it is important to construct a refined dataset that will appeal to many researchers. However, constructing such datasets is not a trivial task.
We have developed the BUDDY-system, a web site designed to support the building of a dataset comprising pairs of protein structures between ligand-bound and unbound states, which are widely used in various areas associated with molecular recognition. In addition to constructing a dataset, the BUDDY-system also allows the user to search for ligand-bound protein structures by its unbound state or by its ligand; and to search for ligands by a particular receptor protein.
The BUDDY-system receives input from the user as a single entry or a dataset consisting of a list of ligand-bound state protein structures, unbound state protein structures, or ligands and returns to the user a list of protein structure pairs between the ligand-bound and the corresponding unbound states. This web site is designed for researchers who are involved not only in structural bioinformatics but also in experimental studies. The BUDDY-system is freely available on the web.

Download full-text


Available from: Mizuki Morita
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A computational pipeline PocketAnnotate for functional annotation of proteins at the level of binding sites has been proposed in this study. The pipeline integrates three in-house algorithms for site-based function annotation: PocketDepth, for prediction of binding sites in protein structures; PocketMatch, for rapid comparison of binding sites and PocketAlign, to obtain detailed alignment between pair of binding sites. A novel scheme has been developed to rapidly generate a database of non-redundant binding sites. For a given input protein structure, putative ligand-binding sites are identified, matched in real time against the database and the query substructure aligned with the promising hits, to obtain a set of possible ligands that the given protein could bind to. The input can be either whole protein structures or merely the substructures corresponding to possible binding sites. Structure-based function annotation at the level of binding sites thus achieved could prove very useful for cases where no obvious functional inference can be obtained based purely on sequence or fold-level analyses. An attempt has also been made to analyse proteins of no known function from Protein Data Bank. PocketAnnotate would be a valuable tool for the scientific community and contribute towards structure-based functional inference. The web server can be freely accessed at
    Full-text · Article · May 2012 · Nucleic Acids Research