A fine balance between CCNL1 and TIMP1 contributes to the development of breast cancer cells
Cyclin L1 (CCNL1) and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP1) are candidate genes involved in several types of cancer. However, the expression of CCNL1 and the relationship between CCNL1 and TIMP1 in breast cancer cells is unknown. Using patients' breast cancer tissues, the expression of CCNL1 and TIMP1 was measured by cDNA microarray and further confirmed by real-time RT-PCR and western blotting. Overexpression or repression of CCNL1 and TIMP1, individually or together, was performed in breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells by transient transformation methods to investigate their role in breast cancer cell growth. Simultaneously, mRNA and protein expression levels of CCNL1 and TIMP1 were also measured. CCNL1 and TIMP1 expression was significantly elevated in breast cancer tissues compared with that in peri-breast cancer tissues of patients by cDNA microarray and these results were further confirmed by real-time RT-PCR and western blotting. Interestingly, in vitro experiments showed a stimulatory effect of TIMP1 and an inhibitory effect of CCNL1 on growth of MDA-MB-231 cells. Co-expression or co-repression of these two genes did not affect cell growth. Overexpression of CCNL1 and TIMP1 individually induced overexpression of each other. These data demonstrate that there is a fine balance between CCNL1 and TIMP1, which may contribute to breast cancer development.
Available from: PubMed Central
- "A cDNA microarray chip (22K Human Genome Array Chip; CapitalBio, Co., Ltd., Beijing, China) was used for the tumor or peritumor tissue samples in this study. The cDNA microarray chip was constructed by CapitalBio Co., Ltd. as previously described by our laboratory (26). Briefly, the total RNA was extracted using TRIzol reagent and further purified using a NucleoSpin® RNA clean-up kit (Takara, Otsu, Shiga, Japan). "
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ABSTRACT: IDH2 encodes a mitochondrial metabolic enzyme that converts isocitrate to α-ketoglutarate (α-KG) by reducing nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP(+)) to NADPH and participates in the citric acid cycle for energy production. Notably, this gene has been shown to be critical for cell proliferation. The abnormal expression of IDH2 has been reported in several types of cancer, and mutations in IDH2 have been identified in gliomas and acute myelogenous leukemia. The overexpression of IDH2 has been reported in endometrial, prostate and testicular cancer as well as in Kashin-Beck disease. In this study, we observed that IDH2 expression was significantly downregulated in early phase but was upregulated in advanced phase colon carcinoma compared to peritumoral tissues. In addition, we demonstrated that the growth of a colon carcinoma cell line was inhibited by IDH2-siRNA and increased following transfection with an IDH2-overexpressing plasmid. These results indicate that IDH2 may play a unique role in the development of colon carcinoma.
Available from: Janet L Treasure
- "The birth weight lowering allele near CCNL1/LEKR1 has also shown association with elevated insulin release following an oral glucose stimulation [Andersson et al., 2011]. CCNL1 has also been implicated with several types of cancer including breast cancer [Peng et al., 2011]. SNP rs1898111, that showed suggestive association with OCPD, lies within SEMA6D. "
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ABSTRACT: Eating disorders (EDs) are common, complex psychiatric disorders thought to be caused by both genetic and environmental factors. They share many symptoms, behaviors, and personality traits, which may have overlapping heritability. The aim of the present study is to perform a genome-wide association scan (GWAS) of six ED phenotypes comprising three symptom traits from the Eating Disorders Inventory 2 [Drive for Thinness (DT), Body Dissatisfaction (BD), and Bulimia], Weight Fluctuation symptom, Breakfast Skipping behavior and Childhood Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder trait (CHIRP). Investigated traits were derived from standardized self-report questionnaires completed by the TwinsUK population-based cohort. We tested 283,744 directly typed SNPs across six phenotypes of interest in the TwinsUK discovery dataset and followed-up signals from various strata using a two-stage replication strategy in two independent cohorts of European ancestry. We meta-analyzed a total of 2,698 individuals for DT, 2,680 for BD, 2,789 (821 cases/1,968 controls) for Bulimia, 1,360 (633 cases/727 controls) for Childhood Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder trait, 2,773 (761 cases/2,012 controls) for Breakfast Skipping, and 2,967 (798 cases/2,169 controls) for Weight Fluctuation symptom. In this GWAS analysis of six ED-related phenotypes, we detected association of eight genetic variants with P < 10(-5) . Genetic variants that showed suggestive evidence of association were previously associated with several psychiatric disorders and ED-related phenotypes. Our study indicates that larger-scale collaborative studies will be needed to achieve the necessary power to detect loci underlying ED-related traits. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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