An intronic polymorphism rs2237062 in the CXCL14 gene influences HBV-related HCC progression in Chinese population
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Eastern Hepatobiliary Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200438, People's Republic of China.Molecular Biology Reports (Impact Factor: 2.02). 05/2011; 39(2):797-803. DOI: 10.1007/s11033-011-0801-7
CXCL14 (C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 14) is a conserved member of chemokine family and functions as a chemoattractant for multiplicate immunocytes. CXCL14 expression is constitutive in normal tissues, but absent in wide range of epithelial tumors. Many reports have claimed its important role in tumorigenesis and vascularization. An association between rs2237062 polymorphism and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) susceptibility was found in patients with chronic HCV infection in Japanese population. Here we analyzed, by using a polymerase chain reaction-ligation detection reaction (PCR-LDR), the polymorphism in 202 non-HCC patients with HBV infection, 361 HBV-related HCC patients and 407 healthy controls. The aim was to detect the possible association of this single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) with HBV-related HCC susceptibility and progression. However, no association was found between rs2237062 polymorphism and susceptibility to HBV infection or HBV-related HCC. Intriguingly, our stratification analysis revealed that HBV-related HCC patients in advanced phase (TNM-II-IV stage) had significantly higher C allele frequency at this polymorphism than patients at early stage (TNM-I stage) (33.5% vs. 25.7%), and its odds ratio reached 1.47 (95% CI 1.06-2.04, P = 0.021). These results suggest that the rs2237062 polymorphism in the CXCL14 gene might influence HBV-related HCC progression in Chinese population.
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ABSTRACT: The results from the published studies on the association between glutathione S-transferases (GST) gene polymorphism and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Asian population are still conflicting. GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 are the mainly mutant sites reported at present. This meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between GST gene polymorphism and HCC risk in Asians. Association studies were identified from the databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and CBM-disc (China Biological Medicine Database) on February 1, 2012, and eligible investigations were synthesized using meta-analysis method. Results were expressed with odds ratios (OR) for dichotomous data, and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were also calculated. Twenty-five investigations were identified for the analysis of association between polymorphic deletion of GSTM1 and HCC, consisting of 3,547 patients with HCC and 6,132 controls. There was a marked association between GSTM1 null genotype and HCC susceptibility (OR 1.48, 95 % CI 1.19-1.85, P = 0.0004). GSTM1 null genotype was associated with HCC risk in Chinese. Furthermore, null genotype of GSTT1 was associated with HCC susceptibility in Asians. For the GSTM1-GSTT1 interaction analysis, the dual null genotype of GSTM1/GSTT1 was significantly associated with HCC susceptibility in Asian population. However, GSTP1 ile105 val gene polymorphism was not associated with HCC risk in Asian population. In conclusion, GSTM1/GSTT1 null genotype is associated with the HCC susceptibility. However, GSTP1 gene polymorphism is not associated with HCC risk.
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ABSTRACT: C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 14 (CXCL14) is a novel gene that is expressed in many normal cells but is absent from or expressed at very low levels in cancerous tissues such as head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), prostate cancer, and pancreatic cancer. However, the relationship between CXCL14 and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. Therefore, the exact function of CXCL14, which may modulate antitumor immune responses in certain cancers, was evaluated. CXCL14 was downregulated in HCC tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues. Moreover, overexpression of CXCL14 had an inhibitory effect on cell proliferation, induced apoptosis and inhibited the invasion of HCC cells in vitro. Upregulation of CXCL14 by lentivirus also significantly suppressed the growth of subcutaneous tumors in nude mice in vivo. We further demonstrated that the loss of CXCL14 expression was regulated by promoter hypermethylation. CXCL14 induced tumor cell apoptosis through both the mitochondrial and nuclear apoptosis pathways. CXCL14 suppressed tumor cell proliferation through regulation of the cell cycle by downregulation of cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases. In conclusion, CXCL14 plays a pivotal role as a potential tumor suppressor in HCC. The re-expression or upregulation of this gene may provide a novel strategy in HCC therapy in the future.
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ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common and aggressive cancers worldwide, and the pathogenesis is complicated at present. There iare few effective therapeutic measures, and novel therapeutic strategies are urgently required to improve clinical outcome. Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb) is reported to have an anti-cancer activity. To explore the effect of EGb on expressions of cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) and glutathione S-transferase Pi (GST-Pi) in the pathogenesis of HCC. 120 Wistar rats were divided into three groups at random: normal control group (control group), HCC risk group without treatment (HCC risk group), HCC risk group treated with EGb (EGb group); n=40, respectively. The HCC risk in rat was induced by aflatoxin B1 injection. At the end of 13-week, 33-week, 53-week and 73-week, 10 rats in each group were killed and the relevant samples were collected. The mRNA and protein expressions of Cox-2 and GST-Pi were measured by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemical analysis and western-blot. When compared with those in the control group in 73-week, the mRNA and protein expressions of GST-Pi in EGb group were weaker than those in HCC risk group in 73-week. However, the mRNA and protein expressions of Cox-2 in HCC risk group were increased than that of control group, and there was no statistical difference for mRNA and protein expressions of Cox-2 between HCC risk group and EGb group. EGb can regulate the expression of GST-Pi, but it does not seem to have an effect on Cox-2 expression in the liver of HCC risk rats.
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