Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients report worse health-related quality of life (HRQL), fatigue, anxiety, depression, and sleep quality, when compared to the general population and other chronic diseases. Furthermore, cardiometabolic diseases are highly prevalent in SLE and are also associated with these parameters. Thus, it is plausible to suggest that SLE patients with a high cardiovascular risk may report worse results for these parameters. The aim of the study is to describe HRQL, fatigue, anxiety and depression symptoms, and sleep quality in a sample of SLE patients with a high cardiovascular risk profile (i.e., BMI between 25 and 40 kg/m ² and/or dyslipidemia, hypertension, or diabetes). This was a cross-sectional study where patients were assessed for (i) demographic, anthropometric, and disease-related parameters, (ii) HRQL, (iii) fatigue, (iv) anxiety and depression symptoms, and (v) sleep quality. One-hundred patients completed the study; however, only 87 patients were assessed for sleep quality data. Patients averaged 41.7 ± 9 years, and most patients were classified as overweight/obese (87%). SF-36 scores for physical and mental components summary were 51.3 ± 9.6 and 54.2 ± 15.6, respectively, with “bodily pain” and “role emotional” presenting the lower scores. The total SLEQOL score was 105.1 ± 42.0, with lower scores reported for “self-image” and “mood.” Fatigue score was 30.8 ± 8.9, and 78% and 93% reported severe symptoms of anxiety and depression, respectively. The average sleep effectiveness was 82.9 ± 6.6%. Sleep latency, total time in bed (TTiB), and total sleep time (TST) were 8.4 ± 8.9, 495.8 ± 79.7, and 409.7 ± 69.9 min, respectively. Patients reported an average of 17.8 ± 6.2 WE, with 4.5 ± 1.5 min duration and a WASO of 77.7 ± 36.6 min. Despite similar HRQL, fatigue, and sleep quality parameters to those reported by other SLE populations, SLE patients with a high cardiovascular risk had a higher prevalence of depression and anxiety. Understanding SLE patients’ quality of life and psychological symptoms is of utmost importance to improve disease management. The findings of this study highlight the need for more intensive and global care regarding mental health when considering a high cardiovascular risk in SLE.