Tunable Nonadiabatic Excitation in a Single-Electron Quantum Dot
We report the observation of nonadiabatic excitations of single electrons in a quantum dot. Using a tunable-barrier single-electron pump, we have developed a way of reading out the excitation spectrum and level population of the dot by using the pump current as a probe. When the potential well is deformed at subnanosecond time scales, electrons are excited to higher levels. In the presence of a perpendicular magnetic field, the excited states follow a Fock-Darwin spectrum. Our experiments provide a simple model system to study nonadiabatic processes of quantum particles.
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