Article

Determinants of Internet Addiction among Adolescents: A Case-Control Study

Adolescent Health Unit, Second University Department of Pediatrics, P. & A. Kyriakou Children’s Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Greece.
The Scientific World Journal (Impact Factor: 1.73). 04/2011; 11:866-74. DOI: 10.1100/tsw.2011.85
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Internet Addiction (IA) is associated with adverse psychosocial development and mental disorders. The study aims were to evaluate the psychosocial profiles and psychiatric comorbidities associated with IA among adolescents. A case-control study was conducted among 129 adolescents in the outpatient setting of the Adolescent Health Unit of the Second University Department of Pediatrics in Athens, Greece. The case group consisted of 86 adolescents with IA as evaluated following psychiatric interview with two independent examiners. The control group consisted of 43 adolescents without IA, frequency matched for age and gender with case group participants. The study findings indicated that adolescents with IA were significantly more likely to have divorced parents (p = 0.012) and/or dysfunctional familial relationships (p < 0.0001). The proportion of adolescents with poor academic performance (p < 0.0001) and unexcused school absences (p = 0.004) was greater among those with IA. Moreover, approximately two-thirds of the adolescents with IA were engaged in high-risk behaviors (p < 0.0001). Finally, adolescents with IA were 3.89 times more likely to present with comorbid psychiatric conditions (CI 95%: 1.19-12.70), including depression (10.5 vs. 0%; p = 0.022). Adolescent IA is associated with deterred familial functions, poor academic performance, engagement in high-risk behaviors, and an augmented likelihood for depression.

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    • "u, 2013). They show tendency toward unconsious internet use and have high risk for problematic internet use (Ceyhan &amp; Ceyhan, 2014). Especially, the adolescents with anxiety, stress, drug addiction, obsessive compulsive disorders (Akın &amp; İskender, 2011) bipolar symptoms, suicidal ideas (Park, Hong, Park, Ha &amp; Yoo, 2013) and depression (Tsitsika &amp; et. al., 2011;Valkenburg &amp; Peter, 2008) have higher risk for problematic internet use. For this reason, conducting researches concentrating on problematic internet use and psychological syptoms of adolescents is seen as important. Identifying current situaiton of adolescents in terms of problematic internet use and psychological sypmtoms is seen a"
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, investigation of level of problematic internet use and psychological symptoms of 538 science high school students reciving education in Van and Izmir cities was aimed. At the same time, it was examined that according to being day or boarding student and gender whether the level of problematic internet use and psychological symptoms of students differ or not. The data collected eith Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and Problematic Internet Use Adolscent Form (PIU-A). Data analysis was carried out through SPSS 15.00 statistical package programme. In analysis Spearman Brown correlation coefficient and Mann Whitney U test were used. According to obtained findings, there was stastistically significant and positive relationship between problematic internet use and psychological symptoms of science high school students. Negative self and somatization socres of day students were higher than broading students. It was found that the level of problematic internet use of boarding students were higher than boarding students. According to gender, it was found that females had higher score than males on four subscale of BSI (anxiety, depression, negative self and somatization) and males had higher score than females on social benefits subscale of PIU-A. Obtained results were discussed in the light of related literature and suggestions were offered. ÖzetBu çalışmada, Van ve İzmir illerinde öğrenim gören 538 fen lisesi öğrencisinin problemli internet kullanım düzeyleri ile psikolojik semptomları arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Aynı zamanda problemli internet kullanımının ve psikolojik semptomların öğrencilerin yatılı, gündüzlü olma durumu ile cinsiyet değişkenine göre farklılaşıp farklılaşmadığı da incelenmiştir. Araştırmanın verileri Kısa Semptom Envanteri (KSE) ve Problemli İnternet Kullanımı Ölçeği-Ergen (PİKÖ-E) formu ile toplanmıştır. Veri analizi SPSS 15.00 istatistik paket programı aracılığıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Analizlerde non-parametrik yöntemlerden Spearman Brown Korelasyon Katsayısı ve Mann Whitney U testi kullanılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda elde edilen bulgulara göre, fen lisesi öğrencilerinin problemli internet kullanım düzeyleri ile psikolojik semptomları arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı düzeyde pozitif yönde ilişki olduğu, yatılı öğrencilerin olumsuz benlik ve somatizasyon puanlarının gündüzlü öğrencilerden, gündüzlü öğrencilerin problemli internet kullanım düzeylerinin yatılı öğrencilerden daha yüksek olduğu bulunmuştur. Cinsiyete göre ise, KSE’nin dört alt boyutunda (anksiyete, depresyon, olumsuz benlik ve somatizasyon) kız öğrencilerin puanlarının erkek öğrencilerden, erkek öğrencilerin PİKÖ-E’nin sosyal fayda alt boyutundan aldığı puanların kız öğrencilerden daha yüksek olduğu bulunmuştur. Elde edilen sonuçlar ilgili literatür ışığında tartışılarak öneriler sunulmuştur.
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    • "Fu et al.[25]also did not find gender differences among the addicted to the Internet, in contrast to Al-hantoushi and Al-abdullateef[18], who revealed that among secondary school students with Internet addiction in Riyad City, Saudi Arabia, boys and those with lower degree of school performance were significantly more rep- resented[18]. In an Adolescent Health Unit in Athens, Greece, a correlation between Internet addiction and poor academic performance was also demonstrated[10]. Cao and Su[27]revealed male-to-female ratio of 4.8:1 among those with Internet addiction. "

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