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Available from: Devendra Desai, Mar 08, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Involvement of the urinary tract and genital organs is not uncommon in patients affected with Crohn's disease (CD). Occurring in both sexes, uro-gynecological complications are often clinically unsuspected because of the dominant intestinal or systemic symptoms. Knowledge of their manifestations and cross-sectional imaging appearances is necessary to recognize and report them, since correct medical or surgical treatment choice with appropriate specialist consultation allows to prevent further complications. Besides uncomplicated urinary tract infections that usually do not require imaging, urolithiasis and pyelonephritis represent the most commonly encountered urinary disorders: although very useful, use of computed tomography (CT) should be avoided whenever possible, to limit lifetime radiation exposure. Hydronephrosis due to ureteral inflammatory entrapment and enterovesical fistulization may result from penetrating CD, and require precise imaging assessment with contrast-enhanced CT to ensure correct surgical planning. Representing the majority of genital complication, ano- and rectovaginal fistulas and abscesses frequently complicate perianal inflammatory CD and are comprehensively investigated with high-resolution perianal MRI acquired with phased-array coils, high-resolution T2-weighted sequences and intravenous contrast. Finally, rare gynecological manifestations including internal genital fistulas, vulvar and male genital involvement are discussed.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Abdominal Imaging
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    ABSTRACT: Crohn's disease is a multisystem chronic granulomatous inflammatory disease that primarily affects the gastrointestinal tract. In the majority of the cases, the cutaneous manifestations follow the intestinal disease, but occasionally dermatological lesions are the inaugural event and may constitute the only sign of the disease. Vulvoperineal involvement is rare, may precede bowel symptoms by months to years and may go unrecognized. Due to the paucity of reports of Crohn's disease at this location and in the absence of randomized trials, there are no standard treatments for the cutaneous disease. We describe the case of a 47 year-old woman with vulvoperineal Crohn's disease without digestive involvement, that was successfully managed with metronidazole.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Anais brasileiros de dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: Crohn's disease (CD) of the vulva is a rare, yet under recognized condition. Fistulae arising from the digestive tract account for the greater part of genital lesions in CD. However, cutaneous so-called metastatic lesions of the vulva have been reported in the literature. They are clinically challenging for gastroenterologists as well as for gynecologists, with numerous differential diagnoses, especially among venereal diseases, and require a multidisciplinary approach. The most frequently observed features of the disease are labial swelling, vulvar ulcers, and hypertrophic lesions. Biopsy samples for histological study are mandatory, in order to establish the diagnosis of vulvar CD. Treatment options include oral prolonged courses of metronidazole and systemic immunosuppressive therapy such as corticosteroids and azathioprine, with promising data published on the efficacy of infliximab. Surgery remains restricted to medical treatment failures or resection of unsightly lesions. Prospective studies or case series with long follow-up data are still missing to guide the treatment of this condition.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Journal of Crohn s and Colitis
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