Combination treatment to CONQUER obesity?
Division of Geriatrics and Aging, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Highland Hospital, Rochester, NY, USA.The Lancet (Impact Factor: 45.22). 04/2011; 377(9774):1295-7. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60518-7
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ABSTRACT: The prevalence of obesity has been increasing in the United States. We set out to investigate the use of pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapy for the treatment of obesity in recent years. We included 2630 men and 2702 women who took part in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2007 to 2008. We analyzed their demographic and anthropometric data and their weight and drug history. A total of 45.9% of men and 45.0% of women were candidates for treatment (body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2), or ≥27 kg/m(2) with risk factors). Among these participants, 85.1% considered themselves overweight, 90.1% would like to lose weight, 61.9% had dietary changes, 36.5% exercised, 3.7% took nonprescription drugs, and 2.2% took prescription drugs to control weight during the preceding year. During the preceding month, 0.5% and 0.1% of participants were taking phentermine and orlistat, respectively. There were no participants on sibutramine. Although obesity is highly prevalent, only a small percentage of obese Americans are on anti-obesity medication. The withdrawal of sibutramine would have minimal impact on the general population. There is a need for more lifestyle changes in the majority of obese individuals.
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ABSTRACT: Obesity is now a major public health concern worldwide with increasing prevalence and a growing list of comorbidities and complications. The morbidity, mortality and reduced productivity associated with obesity and its complications result in a major burden to health care costs. Obesity is a complex chronic medical syndrome often with multiple different etiologic factors in individual patients. The long term successful management of obesity remains particularly challenging and invariably requires a multifaceted approach including lifestyle and behavioral modification, increased physical activity, and adjunctive pharmacotherapy. Bariatric surgery remains a last resort though at present it has the best results for achieving sustained robust weight loss. Obesity pharmacotherapy has been very limited in its role for long term obesity management because of the past history of several failed agents as well as the fact that presently available agents are few, and generally utilized as monotherapy. The recent FDA approval of the fixed drug combination of phentermine and extended release topiramate (topiramate-ER) (trade name Qsymia™) marks the first FDA approved combination pharmacotherapeutic agent for obesity since the Phen-Fen combination of the 1990s. This review details the history and clinical trial basis for the use of both phentermine and topiramate in obesity therapeutics as well as the results of clinical trials of their combination for obesity treatment in humans. The initial clinical approval trials offer evidence that this fixed drug combination offers synergistic potential for effective, robust and sustained weight loss with mean weight loss of at least 10% of baseline achieved and sustained for up to 2 years in over 50% of subjects treated. It is anticipated that this agent will be the first in a new trend of multi-agent combination therapy for the chronic adjunctive management of obesity.
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