Pathways to Aggression and Violence Among African American Adolescent Males: The Influence of Normative Beliefs, Neighborhood, and Depressive Symptomatology

Department of Psychology, DePaul University, 2219 N. Kenmore Avenue, Chicago, IL 60614, USA.
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community 04/2011; 39(2):132-48. DOI: 10.1080/10852352.2011.556572
Source: PubMed


Youth violence continues to present a serious public health challenge in the United States, particularly so for African American adolescent males. The present study utilized a multilevel approach to predict aggression within a community sample of low-income, urban African American adolescent males (n = 80). Participants' self-report data on normative beliefs about aggression, exposure to community violence, and depressive symptoms were used in multiple regression equations to predict (a) self-reported interpersonal aggression and (b) self-reported aggressive response style when angered. Results of this study indicate that all three of the independent variables contributed significantly to the prediction of interpersonal aggression and aggressive response style when angered. The findings are important for increasing our understanding of pathways to various types of youth aggression and guiding the development of evidence-based approaches to violence prevention among African American adolescent males.

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