Magnetostatic Interactions in Antiferromagnetically Coupled Patterned Media

Data Storage Institute, A*STAR (Agency for Science Technology and Research), 5, Engineering Drive 1, Singapore 117608, Singapore.
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (Impact Factor: 1.56). 03/2011; 11(3):2555-9. DOI: 10.1166/jnn.2011.2731
Source: PubMed


In an array of closely spaced magnetic islands as in patterned media, magnetostatic interactions play a major role in widening the switching field distribution and reducing the thermal stability. Patterned antiferromagnetically coupled (AFC) media provide interesting systems for studying the effect of magnetostatic interactions on the reversal of closely spaced AFC bits in an array, as AFC structure helps to reduce the remanent magnetization (M(r)), leading to reduced magnetostatic interactions. Here, we study the magnetic reversal of single domain-patterned AFC CoCrPt:oxide bilayer system with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy, by imaging the remanence state of the bits after the application of a magnetic field with magnetic force microscopy (MFM). The influence of magnetostatic fields from the neighboring bits on the switching field distribution (SFD) for an entity in a patterned media is studied by varying the stabilizing layer thickness of the AFC structure and bit spacing. We observe a distinct increase in stability and coercivity with an increase in stabilizing layer thickness for the 40 nm spaced bits. This demonstrates the effectiveness of the AFC structure for reducing magnetostatic interactions in patterned media, such that high thermal stability can be achieved by the reduced M(r), without writability issues.

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Available from: Rachid Sbiaa, Jan 04, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: To extend density limits in magnetic recording industry, two separate strategies were developed to build the storage bit in last decade, introduction of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) and adoption of ferrimagnetism/antiferromagnetism. Meanwhile, these properties significantly improve device performance, such as reducing spin-transfer torque energy consumption and decreasing signal-amplitude-loss. However, materials combining PMA and antiferromagnetism rather than transition-metal/rare-earth system were rarely developed. Here, we develop a new type of ferrimagnetic superlattice exhibiting PMA based on abundant Heusler alloy families. The superlattice is formed by [MnGa/Co 2 FeAl] unit with their magnetizations antiparallel aligned. The effective anisotropy (K u eff) over 6 Merg/cm 3 is obtained, and the SL can be easily built on various substrates with flexible lattice constants. The coercive force, saturation magnetization and K u eff of SLs are highly controllable by varying the thickness of MnGa and Co 2 FeAl layers. The SLs will supply a new choice for magnetic recording and spintronics memory application such as magnetic random access memory.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Scientific Reports