Predictability of the response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors via in vitro analysis of Bcr-Abl phosphorylation

Hematology and Oncology, Osaka University, Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan.
Leukemia research (Impact Factor: 2.35). 03/2011; 35(9):1205-11. DOI: 10.1016/j.leukres.2011.01.012
Source: PubMed


It would be of great value to predict the efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in the treatment of individual CML patients. We propose an immunoblot system for detecting the phosphorylation of Crkl, a major target of Bcr-Abl, in blood samples after in vitro incubation with TKIs. When the remaining phosphorylated Crkl after treatment with imatinib was evaluated as the "residual index (RI)", high values were found in accordance with imatinib resistance. Moreover, RI reflected the outcome of imatinib- as well as second generation TKIs with a high sensitivity and specificity. Therefore, this system should be useful in the selection of TKIs.

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    ABSTRACT: ABCB1/P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and ABCG2/BCRP overexpression have been described as related to imatinib resistance in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). We showed in CML cells from 55 patients that Pgp activity was more frequently detected than BCRP activity (p=0.0074). Imatinib-induced Crkl phosphorylated protein (pCrkl) reduction was more pronounced in K562 (Pgp-negative) than in K562-Lucena (Pgp-positive) CML cell line. Expressive pCrkl reduction levels after in vitro imatinib treatment was observed in samples from patients exhibiting lower Pgp activity levels compared with patients exhibiting higher Pgp activity levels (p=0.0045). Pgp activity in association with pCrkl reduction levels might help to distinguish between imatinib-resistant and imatinib-sensitive CML cells.
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