NK cell lymphoma, nasal type, with massive lung involvement: A case report

Journal of Hematopathology 06/2010; 3(1):19-22. DOI: 10.1007/s12308-009-0050-z
Source: PubMed


Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type, is an Epstein-Barr virus-associated lymphoma that most commonly involves the nasal cavity and upper respiratory tract. Lung involvement by NK/T cell lymphoma is rare and seldom reported in the literature. We describe the unusual case of a 41-year-old male with NK cell lymphoma, nasal type, who presented with massive secondary lung involvement 2.5 years after the detection of a retroperitoneal mass. The diagnosis was made by open lung biopsy. Despite aggressive treatment, the patient died shortly after the initiation of therapy. Lung involvement by NK/T cell lymphoma occurs most commonly as part of widely disseminated disease and carries a poor prognosis for the patient. Novel agents and innovative therapies need to be developed for this aggressive lymphoma.

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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To determine the occurrence, clinical course and outcome of our patients with natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL), nasal type. The nasal type of natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL), is rare in the European population but is more frequent in Asia, Central and South America where it accounts for 15-20% of all non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL). This type of lymphoma is characterized by tissue necrosis and destruction of the nasal cavity and upper aero-digestive tract. The disease is closely associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and has an aggressive clinical course, poor clinical outcome and high resistance to chemotherapy. PATIENTS: 63 patients with NHL were treated in our department between 2006 and 2011. Eleven patients were diagnosed with extranodal lymphoma, 6 in the area of head and neck. Three of them belonged to NKTCL, nasal type group (4.7%), 1 was diffuse large B cell lymphoma and 2 were marginal zone lymphomas. CONCLUSION: Two out of 3 patients with nasal type NKTCL, had extremely aggressive disease resistant to applied chemotherapy (anthracycline containing regimen), while 1 patient remains in complete remission 6 years after diagnosis.
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    ABSTRACT: An 83-year-old woman presented with intermittent fever for 2 weeks. Chest radiography and computed tomography images showed multiple nodules and masses scattered in both lung fields. Tissue samples obtained by computed tomography-guided needle biopsy revealed extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKL). The lung is the major site of involvement and the skin may be the primary site. The radiological imaging of this case is different from the cases reported before. Besides, we reviewed the medical records of our hospital and searched the Pubmed database and found 12 cases altogether (include the case presented), which were diagnosed with pulmonary ENKL, and the features of chest images were studied. To our knowledge, this is the first time that the chest imaging features of pulmonary ENKL were reviewed. We conclude that if the radiographic manifestations are multiple patchy consolidations or multiple nodules and masses in both lungs with or without bilateral pleural effusions, the diagnostic considerations should include ENKL.
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