Prevalence of Hypertension and Controlled Hypertension — United States, 2005 & 2008
Hypertension is a serious public health challenge in the United States, affecting approximately 30% of adults and increasing the risk for heart disease and stroke, the first and third leading causes of death in the United States. Racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in hypertension prevalence in the United States have been documented for decades. Non-Hispanic blacks have a higher risk for hypertension and hypertension-related complications (e.g., stroke, diabetes, and chronic kidney disease) than non-Hispanic whites and Mexican Americans. Between 1999--2000 and 2007--2008, the prevalence of hypertension did not change, but control of hypertension increased among those with hypertension. Despite considerable improvements in increasing awareness, treatment and control of hypertension, in 2007--2008, approximately half of adults with hypertension did not have their blood pressure under control. Because of the fundamental role of hypertension in cardiovascular health, Healthy People 2010 includes national objectives to reduce the proportion of adults aged ≥20 years with hypertension to 14% from a baseline of 26% (objective 12-9) and to increase the proportion of adults aged ≥18 years with hypertension whose blood pressure is under control to 68% from a baseline of 25% (objective 12-10).
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