Monitoring the Flux of Carbon Dioxide Gas with Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy
The greenhouse effect exacerbated by the increase of Carbon-containing gases is the more important causes of the climate change, It is very meaningful to the large-scale flux of carbon dioxide detection for the estimate the contributions of the main greenhouse gases in the atmosphere of various errestrial eco-systems. Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) is a highly sensitive, highly selective and fast time response trace gas detection technique. In the present paper, the authors used a DFB laser was used as the light source, and by employing wavelength modulation method, and measuring the second harmonic signal of one absorption line near 1.573 microm of carbon dioxide molecule, the authors built a system for online monitoring of carbon dioxide concentration within the optical path of more than 700 meters at different heights. Combined with Alonzo Mourning -Obukhov length and characteristic velocity detected by large aperture scintillometer, the flux of carbon dioxide gas within one day calculated by the formula is within--1.5-2.5, breaking through the phenomenon of only providing the flux of trace gases near the ground at present, makking the measurement of trace gas fluxes within a large area possible.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Wavelength modulation at 10 MHz of an AlGaAs laser diode, superposed on repetitive linear scans of wavelength, is applied to measure second-harmonic absorption line shapes of oxygen in the A band. Theoretical expressions of the harmonic line shapes, including the effect of laser amplitude modulation and varying modulation depth, are presented. A least-squares fit of the experimental line shapes to theoretical second-harmonic line shapes permits simultaneous determination of the temperature and the pressure. The use of high-repetition-rate (10-kHz) linear scans of the studied wavelength region permits application of the technique to high-speed unidimensional transient flows generated in a shock tube; velocity is derived from the Doppler shift of the absorption profiles.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe the four-laser airborne infrared (FLAIR) instrument, a tunable diode laser absorption spectrometer designed for simultaneous high-sensitivity in situ measurements of four atmospheric trace gases in the troposphere. The FLAIR spectrometer was employed during the large-scale airborne research campaign on tropospheric ozone (TROPOZ II) in 1991 and was used to measure CO, H(2) O(2), HCHO, and NO(2) in the free troposphere where detection limits below 100 parts in 10(12) by volume were achieved.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The 12 best NIR water transition line pairs for temperature measurements with a single DFB laser in flames are determined by systematic analysis of the HITRAN simulation of the water spectra in the 1–2μm spectral region. A specific line pair near 1.4μm was targeted for non-intrusive measurements of gas temperature in combustion systems using a scanned-wavelength technique with wavelength modulation and 2f detection. This sensor uses a single diode laser (distributed-feedback), operating near 1.4μm and is wavelength scanned over a pair of H2O absorption transitions (7154.354cm-1 & 7153.748cm-1) at a 2kHz repetition rate. The wavelength is modulated (f=500kHz) with modulation amplitude a=0.056cm-1. Gas temperature is inferred from the ratio of the second harmonic signals of the two selected H2O transitions. The fiber-coupled-single-laser design makes the system compact, rugged, low cost and simple to assemble. As part of the sensor development effort, design rules were applied to optimize the line selection, and fundamental spectroscopic parameters of the selected transitions were determined via laboratory measurements including the temperature-dependent line strength, self-broadening coefficients, and air-broadening coefficients. The new sensor design includes considerations of hardware and software to enable fast data acquisition and analysis; a temperature readout rate of 2kHz was demonstrated for measurements in a laboratory flame at atmospheric pressure. The combination of scanned-wavelength and wavelength-modulation minimizes interference from emission and beam steering, resulting in a robust temperature sensor that is promising for combustion control applications.