Similarities and Differences Between Intraductal Papillary Tumors of the Bile Duct With and Without Macroscopically Visible Mucin Secretion

Department of General Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.
The American journal of surgical pathology (Impact Factor: 5.15). 04/2011; 35(4):512-21. DOI: 10.1097/PAS.0b013e3182103f36
Source: PubMed


Intraductal papillary neoplasms of the bile duct (IPNB) have been recently proposed as the biliary counterpart of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas (IPMN-P). However, in contrast to IPMN-P, IPNB include a considerable number of the tumors without macroscopically visible mucin secretion. Here we report the similarities and differences between IPNB with and without macroscopically visible mucin secretion (IPNB-M and IPNB-NM). Surgically resected 27 consecutive cases with IPNB were divided into IPNB-M (n=10) and IPNB-NM (n=17), and their clinicopathologic features were examined. Clinically, both tumors were similar. Pathologically, the most frequent histopathologic types were pancreatobiliary in IPNB-NM and intestinal in IPNB-M. Various degrees of cytoarchitectural atypia within the same tumor were exhibited in 8 IPNB-M, but only 3 in IPNB-NM. Although the tumor size was similar, 9 IPNB-NM were invasive carcinoma, whereas all but 1 IPNB-M with carcinoma were in situ or minimally invasive. Immunohistochemically, positive MUC2 expression was significantly more frequent in IPNB-M than in IPNB-NM, whereas MUC1 tended to be more frequently expressed in IPNB-NM compared with IPNB-M. Among IPNB-NM with positive MUC1 expression, 3 had negative MUC2 and MUC5AC expressions. These tumors showed a tubulopapillary growth with uniform degree of cytoarchitectural atypia. All IPNB-M were negative for p53, and the frequency of positive p53 protein in IPNB-NM was at the middle level of that in IPNB-M and nonpapillary cholangiocarcinoma. In conclusion, IPNB-M showed striking similarities to IPMN-P, but IPNB-NM contained heterogeneous disease groups.

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    • "These differences raise a question whether all IPNBs can be included in a single disease entity. In fact, our previous study [12] revealed that IPNB without mucin hypersecretion contained heterogeneous disease groups, and the majority of IPNB without mucin hypersecretion had the characteristics close to those of nonpapillary cholangiocarcinoma. Onoe et al. [14] showed that papillary cholangiocarcinoma with >50% invasive component was clinicopathologically similar to nonpapillary cholangiocarcinoma. "
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    ABSTRACT: Intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB) is a rare variant of bile duct tumors characterized by papillary growth within the bile duct lumen and is regarded as a biliary counterpart of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas. IPNBs display a spectrum of premalignant lesion towards invasive cholangiocarcinoma. The most common radiologic findings for IPNB are bile duct dilatation and intraductal masses. The major treatment of IPNB is surgical resection. Ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance image, and cholangiography are usually performed to assess tumor location and extension. Cholangioscopy can confirm the histology and assess the extent of the tumor including superficial spreading along the biliary epithelium. However, pathologic diagnosis by preoperative biopsy cannot always reflect the maximum degree of atypia, because IPNBs are often composed of varying degrees of cytoarchitectural atypia. IPNBs are microscopically classified into four epithelial subtypes, such as pancreatobiliary, intestinal, gastric, and oncocytic types. Most cases of IPNB are IPN with high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia or with an associated invasive carcinoma. The histologic types of invasive lesions are either tubular adenocarcinoma or mucinous carcinoma. Although several authors have investigated molecular genetic changes during the development and progression of IPNB, these are still poorly characterized and controversial.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014
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    • "MUC2 and MUC5AC expression was significantly high in IPNBs with high-mucin production, compared to those with low-mucin production. The association of mucin hypersecretion and MUC2 mucin expression agreed to a previous report [4]. Invasion tended to be associated with low-mucin production, although there was no significance. "
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    ABSTRACT: Intraductal papillary neoplasms of the bile duct (IPNB) shows favorable prognosis and is regarded as a biliary counterpart of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the pancreas. Although activating point mutations of GNAS at codon 201 have been detected in approximately two thirds of IPMNs of the pancreas, there have been few studies on GNAS mutations in IPNBs. This study investigates the status of GNAS and KRAS mutations and their association with clinicopathological factors in IPNBs. We examined the status of GNAS mutation at codon 201 and KRAS mutation at codon 12&13, degree of mucin production and immunohistochemical expressions of MUC mucin core proteins in 29 patients (M/F = 15/14) with IPNB in intrahepatic and perihilar bile ducts (perihilar IPNB) and 6 patients (M/F = 5/1) with IPNB in distal bile ducts (distal IPNB). GNAS mutations and KRAS mutations were detected in 50% and 46.2% of IPNBs, respectively. There was no significant correlation between the status of GNAS mutation and clinicopathological factors in IPNBs, whereas, the status of KRAS mutation was significantly inversely correlated with the degree of MUC2 expression in IPNBs (p<0.05). All IPNBs with GNAS mutation only showed high-mucin production. Degree of mucin production was significantly higher in perihilar IPNBs than distal IPNBs (p<0.05). MUC2 and MUC5AC expression was significantly higher in IPNBs with high-mucin production than those with low-mucin production (p<0.01 and p<0.05, respectively). In conclusions, this study firstly disclosed frequent GNAS mutations in IPNBs, similarly to IPMNs. This may suggest a common histopathogenesis of IPNBs and IPMNs. The status of KRAS mutations was inversely correlated to MUC2 expression and this may suggest heterogeneous properties of IPNBs. IPNBs with high-mucin production are characterized by perihilar location and high expression of MUC2 and MUC5AC, irrespective of the status of GNAS and KRAS mutations.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · PLoS ONE
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    • "In IPNB, pancreatobiliary- and intestinal-type tumors are more common, whereas gastric- and oncocytic-type tumors are rare. The intestinal type is more frequently associated with mucin secretion than the pancreatobiliary type [2,3,24]. According to the literature, more than half of all IPNB cases contain carcinoma components, and the pancreatobiliary-type is more commonly associated with invasive carcinoma than the gastric and intestinal types [2,3]. "
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    ABSTRACT: An intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct is a biliary, epithelium-lined, cystic lesion that exhibits papillary proliferation and rarely causes large hemorrhagic cystic lesions. Here, we report a case of an intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct mimicking a hemorrhagic hepatic cyst in a middle-aged man with large hemorrhagic hepatic cysts who experienced abdominal pain and repeated episodes of intracystic bleeding. Following portal vein embolization, extended right hepatic lobectomy was performed, and intraoperative cholangiography revealed communication between the intracystic space and the hepatic duct. Although histological studies revealed that the large hemorrhagic lesion was not lined with epithelium, the surrounding multilocular lesions contained biliary-derived epithelial cells that presented as papillary growths without ovarian-like stroma. A diagnosis of oncocytic-type intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct was made, and we hypothesized that intracystic bleeding with denudation of the lining epithelial cells might occur as the cystically dilated bile duct increased in size. Differential diagnosis between a hemorrhagic cyst and a cyst-forming intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct with bleeding is difficult. However, an intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct could manifest as multilocular hemorrhagic lesions; therefore, complete resection should be performed for a better prognosis.
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · World Journal of Surgical Oncology
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