Recommendations of the OARSI FDA Osteoarthritis Devices Working Group. Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis and a major cause of chronic musculoskeletal pain and functional disability. While both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic modalities are recommended in the management of OA, when patients with hip or knee OA do not obtain adequate pain relief and/or functional improvement, joint replacement surgery or other surgical interventions should be considered. Total joint arthroplasties are reliable and cost-effective treatments for patients with significant OA of the hip and knee. Evidence from cohort and observational studies has confirmed substantial improvements in pain relief with cumulative revision rates at 10 years following total hip (THA) and total knee arthroplasties (TKA) at 7% and 10%, respectively. Joint replacements have been used in most every synovial joint, although results for joints other than hip and knee replacement have not been as successful. The evolution of new device designs and surgical techniques highlights the need to better understand the risk to benefit ratio for different joint replacements and to identify the appropriate methodology for evaluating the efficacy and optimal outcomes of these new devices, designed to treat OA joints.