RNA-Binding and Viral Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitory Activity of a Novel Cationic Diamino Acid-Based Peptide

Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini-CNR, via Mezzocannone 16, I-80134 Napoli, Italy.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (Impact Factor: 5.45). 03/2011; 54(7):2095-101. DOI: 10.1021/jm1012769
Source: PubMed


A novel cationic peptide based on L-lysine and L-diaminobutyric acid was prepared for the first time by solid phase synthesis. After HPLC purification and ESI MS characterization, we studied by CD and IR spectroscopy the structural features of the novel basic peptide, which is able to form a β-turn-like structure. Furthermore, its interaction with DNA and RNA was investigated by CD and UV spectroscopy, which revealed a preferential RNA-binding ability of the sequential peptide, whereas its inhibitory activity toward HIV and Moloney murine leukemia virus (MMLV) reverse transcriptase action was evaluated by semiquantitative PCR. The cationic sequential peptide was able to inhibit the reverse transcriptase activity in both cases, even if our PCR data suggested a major activity in the case of HIV-RT, probably due to the stronger cationic peptide-protein interaction evidenced by UV spectroscopy.

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