The Benefits Of Health Information Technology: A Review Of The Recent Literature Shows Predominantly Positive Results

Office of Economic Analysis, Evaluation, and Modeling, Office of National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC), Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC, USA.
Health Affairs (Impact Factor: 4.97). 03/2011; 30(3):464-71. DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.2011.0178
Source: PubMed


An unprecedented federal effort is under way to boost the adoption of electronic health records and spur innovation in health care delivery. We reviewed the recent literature on health information technology to determine its effect on outcomes, including quality, efficiency, and provider satisfaction. We found that 92 percent of the recent articles on health information technology reached conclusions that were positive overall. We also found that the benefits of the technology are beginning to emerge in smaller practices and organizations, as well as in large organizations that were early adopters. However, dissatisfaction with electronic health records among some providers remains a problem and a barrier to achieving the potential of health information technology. These realities highlight the need for studies that document the challenging aspects of implementing health information technology more specifically and how these challenges might be addressed.

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    • "Although physicians surveyed were generally favorable about sharing PGHD from wearables, they also voiced concerns about these data being shared. While other studies have shown physicians' overall favorable attitudes to adopting health IT[5; 9], Buntin et al.[5]point to the human element being critical to implementation, noting that leaders and staff in healthcare organizations must " buy into " the use of new technologies in order for those organizations to see benefits. In this study, respondents showed concern for the applicability of the wearables to their practice and the feasibility of successful adoption of the devices on the part of their patients, noting factors such as cost and/or understanding of how to use the device as potential barriers. "
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    ABSTRACT: Studies have shown that effective physician-patient communication can result in improved health outcomes. Wearable health monitors, which are steadily growing in adoption, may help to improve this communication. In this paper we report the findings of a survey conducted among physicians, in which we assessed their views on the potential integration of wearables into patient care. Our analysis suggests that physicians think of wearables in terms of getting accurate information on patient compliance and the efficacy of treatment to inform their decision-making. Respondents expressed interest in whether wearables would be convenient, feasible, and applicable. They also showed concern for regulations, intrusiveness, and interruptions. If integrated into physician-patient communication and interaction, wearables may be more effective to improve health and to have lasting effects. This study is a first step in understanding how this might be realized and how issues surrounding integration might be investigated.
    Full-text · Conference Paper · Jan 2016
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    • "Due to rapid advances in information technology many aspects of work environments worldwide have been faced with fundamental changes. The field of healthcare has not been exempt from these effects [2] as technological aspects of patient care are constantly undergoing changes [3]. Rapid development of technology and health informatics has encouraged healthcare organizations to provide advanced services with better quality [4]. "
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    ABSTRACT: . This study aimed to assess rehabilitation professionals’ attitude toward implementation and application of telerehabilitation technology as a novel study in rehabilitation academic centers and affiliated clinics in Tehran. Methods . It was a descriptive cross-sectional study. To collect data, a researcher-designed questionnaire was developed. 141 rehabilitation experts participated in the study. Results . A majority of faculty members (78%) and clinicians (89.7%) either were in “definite agreement” or “somewhat agreed” with implementation and application of this technology, which demonstrates an overall positive attitude. Discussion . Based on the positive attitudes of the majority of participants toward implementation and application of this technology and their preferences in offering different telerehabilitation services, it seems that there is an appropriate and desirable acceptance and administrative culture to implement this technology among rehabilitation experts in Tehran. It is thus expected that implementation and application of this technology will be a promising experience in rehabilitation academic centers and affiliate clinics in Tehran.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
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    • "" Broadly speaking, HIT is the overarching term applied to various information and communication technologies used to collect, transmit, display, or store patient data " (Sittig and Singh, 2011). Potential benefits of HIT systems include improvements in patient safety, organizational efficiency, and cost savings (Buntin et al., 2011; Chaudhry et al., 2006; Jensen, 2004; Kohli et al., 2004; Poon et al., 2006; Wu et al., 2006). They also allow for improved speed of monitoring and feedback after an adverse event has occurred (Bates, and Gawande, 2003). "
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this work was to design and evaluate a health information technology (HIT) dashboard that presents evidence-based quality indicators for the purpose of evaluating patient risk in a hospital care setting. A focus group of nurse managers, physicians, and hospital quality professionals was conducted to identify design criteria for the HIT dashboard. The dashboard was developed from dynamic process data from a medical surgical unit in a Midwestern, academic hospital using human factors principles. Heuristic and system usability evaluations were performed to assess the HIT dashboard's functionality and usability. Evaluation results suggest that the HIT dashboard was considered " good " by evaluators (following System Usability Scale criteria), with five suggested changes being recommended by 40% or more of the heuristic evaluators. This work provides a preliminary model for the development of future HIT dashboards intended to communicate patient risk information to hospital care staff.
    Full-text · Conference Paper · Oct 2015
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