The effect of Eleutheroside E on behavioral alterations in murine sleep deprivation stress model

Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, 325 Guohe Road, Shanghai, 200433, PR China.
European journal of pharmacology (Impact Factor: 2.53). 03/2011; 658(2-3):150-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2011.02.036
Source: PubMed


Eleutheroside E (EE), a principal component of Eleutherococcus senticosus, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and protective effects in ischemia heart etc. However, whether it can mitigate behavioral alterations induced by sleep deprivation, has not yet been elucidated. Numerous studies have demonstrated that memory deficits induced by sleep deprivation in experimental animals can be used as a model of behavioral alterations. The present study investigated the effect of EE, on cognitive performances and biochemical parameters of sleep-deprived mice. Animals were repeatedly treated with saline, 10 or 50mg/kg EE and sleep-deprived for 72 h by the multiple platform method. Briefly, groups of 5-6 mice were placed in water tanks (45 × 34 × 17 cm), containing 12 platforms (3 cm in diameter) each, surrounded by water up to 1cm beneath the surface or kept in their home cage. After sleep deprivation, mice showed significant behavioral impairment as evident by reduced latency entering into a dark chamber, locomotion and correctly rate in Y maze, and increased monoamines in hippocampus. However, repeated treatment with EE restored these behavioral and biochemical alterations in mice. In conclusion, the beneficial effect of EE may provide an effective and powerful strategy to alleviate behavioral alterations induced by sleep deprivation.

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    ABSTRACT: Eleutheroside B and Eleutheroside E, two kinds of the major bioactive saponins of Eleutherococcus senticosus, play a pivotal role in biologic activity. In this study, a specific and sensitive high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry method (HPLC-MS/MS) was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of Eleutheroside B and Eleutheroside E in rat plasma. The analytes were extracted from rat plasma via a simple protein precipitation procedure with methanol and polygonin was used as internal standard. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a C18 column using a gradient elution program with acetonitrile and water containing 0.1% ammonium hydroxide solution as the mobile phase, with a flow rate of 0.2mL/min. The detection was performed on a triple-quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer by multiple reactions monitoring (MRM) mode in a negative ion mode via electrospray ionization (ESI). The transition monitored were m/z 371 [M-H](-)→209 for Eleutheroside B, m/z 741[M-H](-)→579 for Eleutheroside E and m/z 389[M-H](-)→277 for internal standard. Linear calibration curves were obtained in the concentration range of 1-2000ng/mL for both (Eleutheroside B and Eleutheroside E), with a lower limit of quantification of 1ng/mL. Extraction recovery was over 80% in plasma. The intra- and inter-day precision (RSD) values were below 12% and accuracy (RE) was -2.80 to 5.70% at three QC levels for both. The assay was successfully applied to study pharmacokinetics behavior in rats after oral and intravenous administration of the single substances (Eleutheroside B and Eleutheroside E). And further research was performed by comparing the difference in pharmacokinetic behavior between the single substances and an aqueous extract of E. senticosus after oral administration. Significant difference in pharmacokinetic characteristics between the single substances and an aqueous extract was found in rat, which would be beneficial for the pre-clinical research and clinical use of E. senticosus.
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