Article

The World of Organic Agriculture - Statistics and Emerging Trends 2009

IFOAM 01/2009; 12.
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT

The 2009 edition of this annual publication documents recent developments in global organic agriculture. It includes contributions from representatives of the organic sector from throughout the world and provides comprehensive organic farming statistics that cover surface area under organic management, numbers of farms and specific information about commodities and land use in organic systems. The book also contains information on the global market of the burgeoning organic sector, the latest developments in organic certification, standards and regulations, and insights into current status and emerging trends for organic agriculture by continent.

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    • "Thus, farmers who adopt organic production can still use a large set of different practices (Wyss et al., 2005; Zehnder et al., 2007). In addition, in the last two decades and with regulatory harmonisation at the European scale in 1991, the proportion of organic farms has increased in Europe to reach 2.23% (Willer et al., 2013). This increase has resulted in an additional diversity of practices due to either new alternatives or recent conversion to organic production for economical rather than ecological/ethical reasons (Lamine and Bellon, 2008). "
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    ABSTRACT: When compared to conventional production, organic production often has positive effects on the biodiversity of non-pest arthropods. However, organic production is only defined by the ban of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers and each farmer can still apply a wide variety of management practices that may also directly and indirectly influence arthropod biodiversity. Taking epigeal spiders inhabiting apple orchards as a case study, we first characterised the main agricultural practices applied in 20 selected organic orchards around Avignon in the South-East of France. Using ordination (PCA) and classification (HAC) methods, we identify three groups within these organic apple orchards: (i) the Biodynamy group, (ii) the Net group and (iii) the Classic group. The growers from the Biodynamy group used significantly less insecticides (40% less than those from the Classic group) and had more favourable habitat management practices (hedge and ground cover). We then sampled spider communities in each orchard in spring (April) and summer (June) using pitfall traps and showed that the spider communities in the Biodynamy and Net groups were significantly more abundant (+4% on average), species rich (+60% on average) and diverse (+70% on average) than those in the Classic group. GLM analysis showed that these differences were mainly due to reduced insecticide use but also the hedge quality of these orchards. A trait-based approach was further used to differentiate the spiders found in the three groups of orchards. The most striking finding was that spiders that use webs to forage (Linyphiidae, Agenilidae and Titanoecidae) were favoured in the Net group. This is probably because these nets protect the orchards from the major pest, allowing reduced pesticide use but also because the nets protect orchards from the windy conditions frequently observed around Avignon.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment
    • "About one-third organically managed land of the world is in developing countries. More specifically, India is among the developing countries having one of the largest areas under organic management (Willer & Kilcher, 2009; as cited in Chakrabarti, 2010). Earlier the organic food produced in the India was exported to the United States and Europe (The Hindu, 2010) but with time organic food products are gaining acceptance in domestic market as well. "
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    ABSTRACT: The present study attempts to investigate the consumer's intention to purchase organic food in the context of a developing nation (India) using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Further, the study has incorporated additional constructs (moral attitude, health consciousness and environmental concern) in the TPB and measured its appropriateness. Responses were collected from 220 young consumers adopting convenience sampling approach. Data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to evaluate the strength of relationship between the constructs. The findings reported that the TPB partially supported the organic food purchase intention. Among the additional constructs incorporated, moral attitude and health consciousness positively influenced the consumer's intention to purchase organic food. The study has supported the inclusion of new constructs in the TPB as it has improved the predictive power of the proposed framework in determining consumer's intention to purchase organic food.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Appetite
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    • "The label of OA has achieved international reputation in the last decades, with Spain being an active participant in its growth. Nowadays, Spain has the 7 th largest organic farming area in the world and the 1 st largest organic farming area in Europe (Willer and Kilcher, 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: This paper analyses the gradual increase on the use of quality labels in rural areas of Europe and the effect of Institutional Density (ID) over them within the agro-food sector. This producer’s strategy is related to three different but related processes: i) changes in the global markets, ii) new consumer patterns, iii) transformation of the rural policies. Such scenario partly explains the increase of labelling food products to add value as an economic strategy in rural areas, but not their success or failure. The contribution of this paper is to analyse representative cases of two different quality food labels: Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) and Organic Agriculture (OA) in relation to the level of ID that supported their implementation. We chose Andalusia (Spain) due to the economic centrality of its agrofood sector and for being one of the European areas with greater presence of development agencies. The data was collected during fieldwork, and quantitative and qualitative techniques were implemented.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015
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