Genotyping Natural Infections of Schistosoma mansoni in Biomphalaria alexandrina From Damietta, Egypt, with Comparisons to Natural Snail Infections From Kenya

a Parasitology Department, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, 165 EI-Horreya Avenue, Alexandria, Egypt, PO Box 21561.
Journal of Parasitology (Impact Factor: 1.23). 02/2011; 97(1):156-9. DOI: 10.1645/GE-2537.1
Source: PubMed


The distribution of Schistosoma genotypes among individuals in snail populations provides insights regarding the dynamics of transmission and compatibility between schistosome and snail hosts. A survey of Biomphalaria alexandrina from Damietta (Nile Delta, Egypt), an area subjected to persistent schistosomiasis control efforts, provided only 17 snails infected with Schistosoma mansoni (6.1% overall prevalence), each shown by microsatellite analysis to have a single genotype infection. By contrast, recent studies of uncontrolled S. mansoni transmission foci in Kenya revealed that 4.3% Biomphalaria pfeifferi and 20-25% Biomphalaria sudanica snails had multiple genotype infections. Compared with the 3 Kenyan populations, the Egyptian population of S. mansoni also showed a lesser degree of genetic variability and was genetically differentiated from them. We suggest that tracking of genotype diversity in infected snails could be further developed to serve as an additional and valuable independent indicator of efficacy of schistosomiasis control in Egypt and elsewhere.

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