Effective Vision Screening of Young Children in the Pediatric Office
Nemours Children's Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA.Pediatric Annals (Impact Factor: 0.61). 02/2011; 40(2):76-82. DOI: 10.3928/00904481-20110117-06
By performing timely vision screening exams, primary care physicians play a critical role in preserving the vision of young children. Retinoblastoma, infantile cataracts, strabismus, and amblyopia are not always obvious to parents or pediatricians. These four disorders are the primary targets of vision screening in young children. For children who fail a screening test, efforts should be made to assure that a comprehensive ophthalmology examination is received. Early detection and intervention are critical for providing the best opportunity for excellent vision in every child.
Article: Childhood Eye Examination[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Vision screening in children is an ongoing process, with components that should occur at each well-child visit. The purpose is to detect risk factors and visual abnormalities that necessitate treatment and to identify those patients who require referral to an ophthalmologist skilled in examining children. Screening can reveal conditions commonly treated in primary care and can aid in discussion of visual concerns with parents or caregivers. Vision screening begins with a review of family and personal vision history to identify risk factors requiring referral, including premature birth, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, and a family history of strabismus, amblyopia, retinoblastoma, childhood glaucoma, childhood cataracts, or ocular or genetic systemic disease. Visual acuity measurement and external ocular examination are performed to recognize refractive error, childhood glaucoma, and various ocular conditions. Evaluation of fixation and alignment can identify amblyopia or strabismus. Red reflex examination is used to diagnose retinoblastoma, childhood cataracts, and other ocular abnormalities.
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