SPATA18, a Spermatogenesis-Associated Gene, Is a Novel Transcriptional Target of p53 and p63

Department of Molecular Cell Biology, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel.
Molecular and Cellular Biology (Impact Factor: 4.78). 02/2011; 31(8):1679-89. DOI: 10.1128/MCB.01072-10
Source: PubMed


The transcription factor p53 functions not only to suppress tumorigenesis but also to maintain normal development and homeostasis.
Although p53 was implicated in different aspects of fertility, including spermatogenesis and implantation, the mechanism underlying
p53 involvement in spermatogenesis is poorly resolved. In this study we describe the identification of a spermatogenesis-associated
gene, SPATA18, as a novel p53 transcriptional target and show that SPATA18 transcription is induced by p53 in a variety of cell types of both human and mouse origin. p53 binds a consensus DNA motif
that resides within the first intron of SPATA18. We describe the spatiotemporal expression patterns of SPATA18 in mouse seminiferous tubules and suggest that SPATA18 transcription is regulated in vivo by p53. We also demonstrate the induction of SPATA18 by p63 and suggest that p63 can compensate for the loss of p53 activity in vivo. Our data not only enrich the known collection of p53 targets but may also provide insights on spermatogenesis defects that
are associated with p53 deficiency.

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