Pseudointraductal papillary mucinous neoplasia caused by microscopic periductal endocrine tumors of the pancreas: A report of 3 cases
Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms constitute histologically distinctive pancreatic tumors characterized by cystically dilated pancreatic ducts lined by papillary epithelium, often with extensive mucin production. With increasing awareness of and vigilance for these tumors, there has been a surge in the incidence of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms in the last few decades. However, resections of presumed intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms sometimes reveal other types of cystic lesions. Here we describe 3 cases of small, incidentally identified pancreatic endocrine tumors that focally compressed the main pancreatic duct and presented clinically, radiologically, and grossly as intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm. The histology of the dilated ducts in all cases lacked convincing features of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm, prompting more careful examination of the specimens and eventual identification of small well-differentiated endocrine neoplasms. The constellation of findings represented by pancreatic endocrine neoplasm-associated duct stricture and dilatation can mimic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm clinically and pathologically. Awareness of this phenomenon can potentially avoid misdiagnosis of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm in such cases.