Hybrid sclerosing adenosis and basal cell hyperplasia of the prostate
Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Kochi Red Cross Hospital, Kochi, Japan.Medical Molecular Morphology (Impact Factor: 1.46). 12/2010; 43(4):226-30. DOI: 10.1007/s00795-009-0449-8
Hybrid sclerosing adenosis and basal cell hyperplasia of the prostate is a rare lesion. Here we report the seventh case of such lesions. Histological examination of the transurethral resection of the prostate of a 83-year-old Japanese man showed a small lesion consisted of sclerosing adenosis and basal cell hyperplasia, in addition to the diffuse glandular and fibromuscular hyperplasia. Immunohistochemically, many basal cells in sclerosing adenosis and basal cell hyperplasia areas showed a positive reaction for p63, cytokeratin 5, and D2-40. Additionally, many basal cells in the sclerosing adenosis area and some basal cells in the basal cell hyperplasia area were positive for S-100 protein and alpha-smooth muscle actin, which are myoepithelial cell markers. Finally, we suggest that hybrid sclerosing adenosis and basal cell hyperplasia may be actually a special form of hyperplastic lesion of all components of prostatic tissue, reflecting the unbalanced distribution of glandular, stromal (sclerosing adenosis), and basal cell hyperplasia with the differentiation toward myoepithelial cells predominantly occurring in a sclerosing adenosis area. Additionally, this case showed that D2-40 is a useful marker of basal cells.
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ABSTRACT: Various immunohistochemical studies using cocktail antibodies to elucidate atypical glands in prostatic biopsy specimens have been previously tried. However, there is scanty information on combined cocktail antibodies and other basal cell markers. We investigated the utility of an immunohistochemical panel of AMACR/p63, cytokeratin 5(CK5) and D2-40 for atypical glands in twenty lesions of fourteen patients obtained from prostatic needle biopsy specimens. The final diagnosis of all lesions, including 13 adenocarcinoma demonstrating AMACR+/basal cell(p63, CK5 and D2-40)- pattern, 5 benign lesions noting AMACR-/basal cell+ pattern, and 2 high grade PIN with AMACR+/basal cell+ pattern, were resolved. The immunohistochemical panel of AMACR(P504S)/ p63 cocktail, CK5 and D2-40 is useful in deciding the final diagnosis for atypical gland foci in the prostatic needle biopsy specimens and is helpful in the reduction of opportunity of further followup or re-biopsy.
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