Left ventricular assist device management in patients chronically supported for advanced heart failure

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Section of Cardiac Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.
Current opinion in cardiology (Impact Factor: 2.7). 03/2011; 26(2):149-54. DOI: 10.1097/HCO.0b013e3283438258
Source: PubMed


This review summarizes management strategies to reduce morbidity and mortality in heart failure patients supported chronically with implantable left ventricular assist devices (LVADs).
As the population of patients supported with long-term LVADs has grown, patient selection, operative technique, and patient management strategies have been refined, leading to improved outcomes. This review summarizes recent findings on LVAD candidate selection, and discusses outpatient strategies to optimize device performance and heart failure management. It also reviews important device complications that warrant close outpatient monitoring.
Managing patients on chronic LVAD support requires regular patient follow-up, multidisciplinary care teams, and frequent laboratory and echocardiographic surveillance to ensure optimal outcomes.

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Available from: Keith D Aaronson
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