Healing Rate and Post-obturation Pain of Single- versus Multiple-visit Endodontic Treatment for Infected Root Canals: A Systematic Review

ArticleinJournal of endodontics 37(2):125-32 · February 2011with77 Reads
Impact Factor: 3.38 · DOI: 10.1016/j.joen.2010.09.005 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    The choice of single- versus multiple-visit root canal treatment for infected teeth is in dispute. The purpose of this systematic review was to compare the healing rate and post-obturation pain of single- versus multiple-visit root canal treatment for teeth with infected root canals.
    An exhaustive literature search combined with specified inclusion criteria was performed to identify randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials (RCTs or quasi-RCTs), comparing root canal treatment in single and multiple appointments (2 or more visits) in patients with infected root canals.
    Ten RCTs were identified and included in this review. Of these, 6 compared the healing rate and 5 compared the prevalence of post-obturation pain in single- and multiple-visit root canal treatment on teeth with infected root canals. No significant difference was observed in the healing rate between single- versus multiple-visit root canal treatment, as well as the incidence of medium-term post-obturation pain. As to the short-term follow up, the prevalence of post-obturation pain was significantly lower in single-visit than in multiple-visit group.
    On the basis of current studies, the healing rate of single- and multiple-visit root canal treatment is similar for infected teeth. Patients experience less frequency of short-term post-obturation pain after single-visit than those having multiple-visit root canal treatment.