[Clinical and coronary characteristics of young patients (< 30 years old) with acute myocardial infarction].
To explore the clinical characteristics and angiographic features of acute myocardial infarction in patients aged 30 years or younger.
Data of 360 consecutive patients referred to Peking Union Medical College Hospital for evaluation of chest pain or discomfort from January 2007 to December 2009, diagnosed as acute myocardial infarction and underwent emergent coronary angiography were analyzed. Seven patients (1.9%) with age ≤ 30 years [4 male, (25 ± 5) years] were included in this study, patients were followed up for (12 ± 9) months.
There were 6 cases of ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction and 1 non-ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction. The culprit vessels were as follows: 5 left anterior descending artery, 1 left main and 1 right coronary artery. All 3 female patients were complicated with congenital coronary malformation or autoimmune disease, including 1 coronary artery aneurismal dilation of left anterior descending, 1 Takayasu's arteritis and 1 systemic lupus erythematosus. Three of the 4 male patients were smokers. Two patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. There was no death or cardiovascular re-admission during the follow-up.
The majority of acute myocardial infarction in patients aged 30 years or younger were presented with ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction and single vessel non-obstructive lesion. The most common culprit vessel was left anterior descending artery. All female patients were complicated with congenital coronary malformation or autoimmune disease. The short-term prognosis in patients of this cohort was good.
Available from: Olivier Hugli
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the prevalence and clinical presentation of myocardial infarction (MI) and myocarditis in young adults presenting with chest pain (CP) and an elevated serum troponin I (TnI) to the emergency department (ED).
Retrospective, observational, single-centre study.
All consecutive patients 18-40 years old admitted to the ED for CP with an elevated TnI concentration.
Prevalence of MI, myocarditis and the characterisation of clinical presentation.
1588 patients between 18 and 40 years old were admitted to the ED with CP during 30 consecutive months. 49 (3.1%) patients with an elevated TnI (>0.09 μg/l) were included. 32.7% (16/49) were diagnosed with MI (11 ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 5 non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)) and 59.2% (29/49) with myocarditis. Compared with patients with myocarditis, MI patients were older (34.1±3.8 vs 26.9±6.4, p=0.0002) with more cardiovascular risk factors (mean 2.06 vs 0.69). Diabetes (18.8% vs 0%, p=0.0039), dyslipidaemia (56.2% vs 3.4%, p<0.0001) and family history of coronary artery disease (CAD) (37.5% vs 10.3% p=0.050) were associated with MI. Fever or recent viral illness were present in 75.9% (22/29) of patients with myocarditis, and in 0% of MI patients (p<0.0001). During follow-up, two patients with myocarditis were re-admitted for CP.
In this study, 32.7% of patients <40-year-old admitted to an ED with CP and elevated TnI had a diagnosis of MI. Key distinctive clinical factors include diabetes, dyslipidaemia, family history of CAD and fever or recent viral illness.
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