The Data of Diagnosis: New Approaches to Psychiatric Classification

National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-9625, USA.
Psychiatry Interpersonal & Biological Processes (Impact Factor: 3.05). 12/2010; 73(4):311-4. DOI: 10.1521/psyc.2010.73.4.311
Source: PubMed
1 Read
    • "; Nolen-Hoeksema and Watkins 2011). Furthermore, clinical scientists have begun to recognize that these overlapping patterns of dysfunction might best be quantified and examined by identifying patterns of patients' functioning across multiple indices such as subjective feelings, physiological arousal, neurobiological processes, genetic factors, and motivated behaviors, among others (Cuthbert and Insel 2010). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article serves as the introduction to the Special Section called “Toward Implementing Physiological Measures in Clinical Assessments of Adult Mental Health.” As such, it provides an overview of the importance of integrating assessments of physiological and subjective processes in mental health assessments and discusses the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative. In addition, it summarizes the findings from the four empirical studies published in the Special Section. Collectively, these studies sought to illustrate how physiological assessments can be incorporated in mental health assessments conducted in applied research and clinic settings. In all, we hope that this Special Section will inspire the type of interdisciplinary research spanning basic and applied work that will be critical to advancing the RDoC initiative.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
  • Source
    • "This approach facilitates diagnostic agreement among clinicians but may hamper the search for underlying biobehavioral signatures of these conditions (e.g., Gross & Jazaieri, 2014). In response to the emphasis of the DSM and its predecessors in favoring surface characteristics, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has proposed an alternate system of nosology called the " Research Domain Criteria initiative " (Cuthbert & Insel, 2010), which seeks to identify mechanisms that explain processes from normative to dysfunctional variants in hopes that new forms of intervention can be developed to normalize the underlying biobehavioral markers and ideally improve treatment efficacy for otherwise treatment refractory disorders. One set of particularly refractory conditions is the " distress disorders, " which include generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and posttraumatic stress disorder. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information:
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Psychological Inquiry
  • Source
    • "We endorse this new methodology because we recognize its inherent value. Nevertheless, even a brief summary of this approach is well beyond the scope of this article (for comprehensive reviews, see Casey, Oliveri, & Insel, 2014; Cuthbert & Insel, 2010; Insel et al., 2010; Sanislow et al., 2010; Voeller, 2004; Whelan et al., 2012). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article provides a review of the construct of attention from a non-traditional standpoint. Attention is conceptualized by focusing on the categorical concept of the diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, large-scale brain network models of functional neuroanatomy, and implications for understanding lateralized hemispheric brain organization. Cortical systems are multifunctional, with certain degrees of specialization, but no cortical region or network supports only one, specific, isolated cognitive process, such as attention. Future implications for clinical practice must focus on connectivity patterns rather than the idea of "domains" or "constructs" when considering attention and other cognitive processes. This has significant implications for the future of neuropsychological assessment and intervention.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015
Show more