Potocki-Lupski Syndrome: A Microduplication Syndrome Associated with Oropharyngeal Dysphagia and Failure to Thrive

Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
The Journal of pediatrics (Impact Factor: 3.79). 12/2010; 158(4):655-659.e2. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2010.09.062
Source: PubMed


Failure to thrive (FTT) is a feature of children with Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS) [duplication 17p11.2]. This study was designed to describe the growth characteristics of 24 subjects with PTLS from birth through age 5 years in conjunction with relevant physical features and swallow function studies.
We evaluated 24 individuals with PTLS who were ascertained by chromosome analysis and/or array comparative genome hybridization. Clinical assessments included review of medical records, physical examination, otolaryngological examination, and swallow function studies. Measures of height and weight were converted to Z-scores.
The mean weight-for-age and weight-for-length Z-scores at birth were lower (P < .01) than the reference standard and did not change with age. A history of poor feeding, hypotonia, and FTT were reported in 92%, 88%, and 71%, respectively. Individuals with hypotonia had lower weight-for-age and body mass index-for-age Z-scores (P = .01). Swallow function studies demonstrated at least one abnormality in all subjects.
FTT is common in children with PTLS. We hypothesize that oropharyngeal dysphagia and hypotonia likely contribute to FTT in patients with PTLS and recommend that once a diagnosis is established, the individual be assessed for feeding and growth issues and be availed of oromotor therapy and nutritional services.

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    • ". Speech and language impairment and oropharyngeal dysphagia are common to both syndromes; however, individuals with PTLS are at a higher risk for failure to thrive (FTT) during infancy and early childhood whereas individuals with SMS are prone to obesity [Edelman et al., 2007; Potocki et al., 2007; Soler-Alfonso et al., 2011]. Via chromosomal engineering, we previously constructed mouse models of PTLS and SMS carrying an $2 Mb genomic duplication [Dp(11)17] or deletion [Df(11)17] that is syntenic to the PTLS/SMS common recurrent copy number variation (CNV) interval [Walz et al., 2003]. "
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    ABSTRACT: A quantitative long-term fluid consumption and fluid-licking assay was performed in two mouse models with either an ∼2 Mb genomic deletion, Df(11)17, or the reciprocal duplication copy number variation (CNV), Dp(11)17, analogous to the human genomic rearrangements causing either Smith-Magenis syndrome [SMS; OMIM #182290] or Potocki-Lupski syndrome [PTLS; OMIM #610883], respectively. Both mouse strains display distinct quantitative alterations in fluid consumption compared to their wild-type littermates; several of these changes are diametrically opposing between the two chromosome engineered mouse models. Mice with duplication versus deletion showed longer versus shorter intervals between visits to the waterspout, generated more versus less licks per visit and had higher versus lower variability in the number of licks per lick-burst as compared to their respective wild-type littermates. These findings suggest that copy number variation can affect long-term fluid consumption behavior in mice. Other behavioral differences were unique for either the duplication or deletion mutants; the deletion CNV resulted in increased variability of the licking rhythm, and the duplication CNV resulted in a significant slowing of the licking rhythm. Our findings document a readily quantitated complex behavioral response that can be directly and reciprocally influenced by a gene dosage effect. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2012 · American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A
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    ABSTRACT: Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS) is a recently described microduplication syndrome associated with duplication 17p11.2, including the RAI1 gene. Features of PTLS include hypotonia, feeding difficulties, failure to thrive, developmental delay and behavioral abnormalities including autistic spectrum disorder, anxiety, and inattention. Cardiovascular anomalies were not recognized as a feature of duplication 17p11.2 until 2007 when noted in over 50% of a clinically characterized cohort. We report a patient with hypoplastic left heart syndrome whose diagnosis of PTLS was delayed until a genetic evaluation at age 4 years because of severe expressive language impairment. We suggest that array comparative genomic hybridization be performed in infants with severe congenital heart defects.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2011 · American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular abnormalities are newly recognized features of duplication 17p11.2 syndrome. In a single-center study, we evaluated subjects with duplication 17p11.2 syndrome for cardiovascular abnormalities. Twenty-five subjects with 17p11.2 duplication identified by chromosome analysis and/or array-based comparative genomic hybridization were enrolled in a multidisciplinary protocol. In our clinical evaluation of these subjects, we performed physical examinations, echocardiography, and electrocardiography. Three of these subjects were followed up longitudinally at our institution. Cardiovascular anomalies, including structural and conduction abnormalities, were identified in 10 of 25 (40%) of subjects with duplication 17p11.2 syndrome. The most frequent abnormality was dilated aortic root (20% of total cohort). Bicommissural aortic valve (2/25), atrial (3/25) and ventricular (2/25) septal defects, and patent foramen ovale (4/25) were also observed. Duplication 17p11.2 syndrome is associated with structural heart disease, aortopathy, and electrocardiographic abnormalities. Individuals with duplication 17p11.2 syndrome should be evaluated by electrocardiography and echocardiography at the time of diagnosis and monitored for cardiovascular disease over time. Further clinical investigation including longitudinal analysis would likely determine the age of onset and characterize the progression (if any) of vasculopathy in subjects with duplication 17p11.2 syndrome, so that specific guidelines can be established for cardiovascular management.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012 · Genetics in medicine: official journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
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