Construction of high sensitive detection system for endocrine disruptors with yeast n-alkane-assimilating Yarrowia lipolytica.

Seoul Center, Korea Basic Science Institute, Seoul 136-713, Korea.
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology (Impact Factor: 1.53). 11/2010; 20(11):1563-70.
Source: PubMed


To construct a highly sensitive detection system for endocrine disruptors, we have compared the activity of promoters with the ALK1, ICL1, RPS7 and TEF1 for heterologous gene in Yarrowia lipolytica. The promoters were introduced into the upstream of lacZ or hERalpha reporter gene, respectively, and the activity was evaluated by beta-galactosidase assay by lacZ or western blot analysis by hERalpha. The expression analysis revealed that the ALK1 and ICL1 promoter were induced by n-decane and by EtOH, respectively. The constitutive promoter of RPS7 and TEF1 showed mostly high level of expression in the presence of glucose and glycerol, respectively. Particularly, the TEF1 promoter showed the highest beta-galactosidase activity and a significant signal by western blotting with the anti-estrogen receptor compared with the other promoters. Moreover, the detection system was constructed with promoters were linked to the upstream of expression vector for hERalpha gene transformed into the Y. lipolytica with a chromosome-integrated lacZ reporter gene under the control of estrogen response elements (EREs). It was indicated that a combination of pTEF1p-hERalpha and CXAU1-2XERE was the most effective system for the E2-dependent induction of the beta-galactosidase activity. This system showed the highest beta-galactosidase activity at 10-6 M E2 and the activity could be detected at even the concentration of 10-10 M E2. As the result, we constructed a strongly sensitive detection system with Y. lipolitica to evaluate recognized/suspected ED chemicals, such as natural/synthetic hormones, pesticides, and commercial chemicals. The results demonstrate the utility, sensitivity and reproducibility of the system for characterizing environmental estrogens.

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    • "Finally, Y. lipolytica has been considered for starter or ripening cultures in cheese manufacturing (Ferreira & Viljoen, 2003; Lanciotti et al., 2005; Wyder et al., 1999, see also above), as a probiotic (Kumura et al., 2004), or as a platform for basic research, e.g. as a screening host for directed protein evolution (Bordes et al., 2011; Duquesne et al., 2012; Tanaka et al., 2012), or for the screening of substances interacting with human hormone receptors (Cho et al., 2010). All examples described in this section are testimony to the great variety of potential commercial applications of Y. lipolytica on our path toward a more biobased economy. "
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