Oncocytic carcinoma of the breast: Frequency, morphology and follow-up

Department of Haematology and Oncological Sciences L. and A. Seragnoli, Section of Anatomic Pathology at Bellaria Hospital, University of Bologna, 40139 Bologna, Italy.
Human pathology (Impact Factor: 2.77). 02/2011; 42(2):166-75. DOI: 10.1016/j.humpath.2010.07.014
Source: PubMed


Oncocytic breast carcinomas are tumors composed of no fewer than 70% of oncocytic cells (World Health Organization). The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency, morphologic, immunohistochemical, and clinical features of invasive oncocytic carcinoma in a large series. Twenty-eight cases of putative oncocytic breast carcinoma (selected cases group) and 76 consecutive cases of invasive breast carcinoma (consecutive cases group) were analyzed. Immunohistochemistry for mitochondria, gross cystic disease fluid protein 15, chromogranin, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, androgen receptor, HER2/Neu, cytokeratin 7, cytokeratin 14, epithelial membrane antigen, and differentiation cluster 68 was performed. Score for mitochondria was based on intensity and percentage of immunopositive cells. Classes were as follows: (1) oncocytic carcinoma: at least 70%, 3+; (2) mitochondrion-rich carcinoma: 50% to 70%, 3+, or more than 50%, 2+; and (3) all the other cases were referred to as invasive breast carcinoma. Ultrastructural examination was available for 6 cases of oncocytic carcinoma. Morphologic and immunohistochemical features of the 3 groups were compared using Fisher exact test (P < .05). For overall survival analysis, Kaplan-Maier curves were compared using log-rank and Wilcoxon tests (P < .05). Our results suggest that oncocytic breast carcinoma is a morphologic entity with distinctive histologic and ultrastructural features. Mitochondrion-rich carcinomas are histologically similar to oncocytic carcinomas and constitute 19.7% of all invasive carcinomas, indicating that cytoplasmic eosinophilia in breast cancer cells is often due to accumulation of mitochondria. Oncocytic carcinomas and mitochondrion-rich carcinomas are more often grade III tumors and show human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 overexpression. Clinical features and overall survival of oncocytic carcinomas are not distinctive because they are similar to those of the other cases when matched for grade and stage.

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    • "Moreover, positive immunohistochemical staining for a mitochondrial antigen (monoclonal, 113-1, diluted 1:75, Biogenex, Fremont, California 94538, USA) confirmed the morphological interpretation . Immunostained cytoplasm for mitochondrion antibody was scored using the semiquantitative scale reported by Ragazzi et al [20] "
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    ABSTRACT: Histological and cytological criteria in predicting clinical outcomes in patients with oncocytic poorly differentiated carcinoma (PDC) of the thyroid were investigated. In a set of 102 PDC patients, we performed a computer-assisted evaluation of cell size based on two different methods. Univariate analysis showed that cell size was a discriminant prognostic parameter in oncocytic PDC (30 cases) but not in the non-oncocytic carcinomas cases (72 cases). Patients with oncocytic PDC with small medium cell size had a significantly increased risk of death (p=0.029) and a decrease of disease-free survival (p=0.014). This correlation was absented in cases of non-oncocytic PTC, where age and extensive vascular invasion were significant indicators of progression. The proposed morphological signature shows a robust discriminatory ability when tested on the oncocytic PDC group and cell size assessment could thus be proposed as an inexpensive and readily evaluable parameter for predicting prognosis and planning therapy in this tumor type.
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    • "The antibody MTC02 (mouse monoclonal to mitochondria) recognizes a 60 kDa non glycosylated protein component of mitochondria found in human cells, and has been used to determine the mitochondrial content of tumor cells in a variety of previous studies. For example, earlier studies used MTC02 to determine the molecular genetic alterations [13] and the frequency, morphology and clinical features of mitochondrion-rich breast cancers [26]. A tissue microarray (TMA) containing 11,152 prostate cancer specimens with clinical follow-up information and an attached molecular database was analyzed in order to evaluate the clinical significance of mitochondria content, and to search for possible associations with molecularly defined cancer subgroups. "
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